Echocardiography in Structural Cardiac Interventions

  • Gnalini Sathananthan
  • Gila Perk
  • Amir AhmadiEmail author


Echocardiography plays an important role in the assessment of structural heart disease. The work-up for the assessment for structural interventions often requires a combination of both transthoracic (TTE) and transoesophageal (TEE) imaging. Three-dimensional (3D) echocardiography provides added value to traditional two-dimensional (2D) echocardiography, allowing for definition of anatomical and spatial relationships. Echocardiography is portable and easily accessible, whilst avoiding the need for radiation and contrast making it the preferred mode of imaging in the cardiac catheterisation lab.


Aortic stenosis Mitral regurgitation Closure devices 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gnalini Sathananthan
    • 1
    • 2
  • Gila Perk
    • 1
    • 2
  • Amir Ahmadi
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Division of CardiologyUniversity of British Columbia, St Paul’s HospitalVancouverCanada
  2. 2.Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai Hospital, Mount Sinai HeartNew YorkUSA

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