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The Impact of Individuals and Other Non-State Actors on Contemporary International Law

  • Emmanuel Decaux
Chapter

Abstract

Both the Charter of the United Nations and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights mark a shift of paradigm by bypassing the screen of diplomatic protection and the State monopoly that involves an exclusive relation between the State and its “national”. The individual is no more a “subject” of the State, and becomes a legal subject. But it is necessary to invert the perspective: while the place of non-State actors is not fully defined by international norms, it is the impact of non-State actors that redefines the nature of international law. In other words, it would be necessary to move from a static conception, stuck in an apparent balance, in view of considering an active and dialectic approach: the movement tracing, on the way, new tracks. In a global system, open to various stakeholders, non-State actors contribute to the elaboration of international law, through guidelines and voluntary commitments, as well as to new forms of international responsibility, especially for human rights’ violations.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Emmanuel Decaux
    • 1
  1. 1.Panthéon-Assas UniversityParisFrance

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