Typologies of Bottom-Up Planning in Southern Europe: The Case of Greek Urbanism During the Economic Crisis

  • Konstantinos Serraos
  • Evangelos Asprogerakas


This chapter explores bottom-up interventions in the spatial planning process in Greece and attempts to categorize, understand, and evaluate them, while drawing attention to relevant European experience and practice. It presents a selection of case studies to create a typology of bottom-up initiatives in Greece, primarily based on the actors involved and the formal or informal character of the initiatives. The chapter describes their level of integration in the mainstream planning process, their on-the-ground characteristics, and their main short- and long-term results. The basic research for this chapter uncovered interactions between civic society initiatives and responses by official authorities, especially during times of economic crisis.


  1. Angeli, D. (2014, October 26). Cement to become and KAPAPS park. Journal of Journalists. Available at: (in Greek).
  2. Angelidis, M. (2000). Spatial planning and sustainable development. Athens: Symmetria Publications (in Greek).Google Scholar
  3. Asprogerakas, E. (2014, June 27–28). Business improvement districts: Prospects and questions in relation with the open trade centers. In “Urban and Regional Development: Modern challenges”, 12th Conference of ERSA—GR, Conference Proceedings. Athens: Panteion University (in Greek).Google Scholar
  4. Asprogerakas, E. (2016). Approaches of integrated urban interventions in Greece: Tools and governance elements. Aeihoros (under publication).Google Scholar
  5. Furuto, A. (2013). Re-think Athens winning proposal/OKRA. Weblog entry on Arch Daily. Available at:
  6. Ismailidou, E. (2011, April 5). Navarino: The park—Parking completed two years of life. In To Bima. Available at: (in Greek).
  7. Konstandatou, E. (2015, May 19). Organizations network joining forces for the historic center of Athens. In To Bima. Available in: (in Greek).
  8. Koudouni, A. (2014). Management and spatial planning powers: Institutional issues: Examples. Athens. Available at: (in Greek).
  9. Kreutz, S. (2009). Urban improvement districts in Germany: New legal instruments for joint proprietor activities in area development. Journal of Urban Regeneration and Renewal, 2(4), 304–317.Google Scholar
  10. Landeshauptstadt Hannover (LHH), Geschäftsbereich des Oberbürgermeisters. (2014). Mein Hannover 2030, Stadtentwicklungskonzept 2013, Spielregeln für die Beteiligung, Zeitrahmen 2014 bis 2016 (in German).Google Scholar
  11. Mpouzali, L. (2014). Reactivate Athens: 101 ideas. Journal AZ/62/2014. Available at: (in Greek).
  12. Serraos, K. (1998). The urban plans in accordance with the latest regulations in Greece. In A. Aravantinos, Urban planning for a sustainable development of urban space. Athens: Symmetria Publications (in Greek).Google Scholar
  13. Serraos, K. (2015). Recent regulations for the reform of the spatial planning system and the land-use planning. In D. Melissas (Ed.), Land uses: Setting the space for the development. Athens: Department of Urban and Regional Planning, School of Architecture NTUA (in Greek). Google Scholar
  14. Union of Hospital Doctors of Athens—Piraeus (EINAP). (2005). The public hospitals in Athens and Piraeus: Course in time. Athens (in Greek).Google Scholar
  15. Urbanes Wohnen eG. (2009). Ein Verkehrskonzept für Hochzoll, Ergebnisse der Planungswerkstatt. Augsburg: Stadt Augsburg (in German).Google Scholar

Internet Sources

  1. City of Athens/Vice Mayoral Office for Civil Society and Innovation. SynAthina project:
  2. Cultural Association Ano Ampelokipon:
  3. Landeshauptstadt Hannover (LHH):
  4. National Technical University Athens (NTUA)/Department of Geography and Regional Planning/School of Rural and Surveying Engineering, Municipality of Korydallos, Network for Employment and Social Care. “DemoCU project”:
  5. Organizations and Citizens Network for a sustainable historic center: Open discussion:
  6. Organizations and Citizens Network for the historic center of Athens:
  7. The Greek Open Government Initiative:
  8. Their parking, our park:

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Konstantinos Serraos
    • 1
  • Evangelos Asprogerakas
    • 2
  1. 1.School of ArchitectureNational Technical University of Athens (NTUA)AthensGreece
  2. 2.Department of Spatial Planning and Regional DevelopmentUniversity of ThessalyVolosGreece

Personalised recommendations