Neonatal conjunctivitis can be caused by a variety of pathogens, most commonly Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, or other bacteria. Herpes simplex virus is a less common but potentially severe cause of viral conjunctivitis. Infants present with eyelid swelling, conjunctival injection, and discharge. The presentation of different pathogens overlaps significantly, and therefore a thoughtful diagnostic workup is imperative to guide appropriate therapy. Screening of pregnant women for sexually transmitted infections and prophylactic eye ointment for all newborns are critical aspects of preventative care.
KeywordsChlamydia trachomatis Conjunctivitis Herpes simplex virus Neisseria gonorrhoeae Neonate
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