Hepatitis B in the Perinatal Period
Chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) is a significant threat to public health, with an estimated 240 million people living with the disease worldwide (http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs204/en/). HBV and the associated complications, such as cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma, cause >600,000 deaths yearly (GBD 2013 Mortality and Causes of Death Collaborators, Lancet 385:117–71, 2015). Since the development of the HBV vaccine in the 1980s, new cases have decreased, yet the disease remains a global health concern, especially due to high rates of mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) in many countries (http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs204/en/). The focus of this chapter is to explore the current management of hepatitis B in pregnancy, with an emphasis on treatment and prevention of transmission to the neonate.
KeywordsHepatitis B Immune globulin Infant Prophylaxis Vaccine
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