Can E-learning (Computer-based Learning) Replace Teacher–Student Individual Communication?

  • Shlomo Vinner
Part of the Mathematics in Mind book series (MATHMIN)


My answer to the above question is negative. In order to establish my claim I am relying on a well-known work by Erlwanger (1973), which shows that without intensive interaction with a teacher the pupil can reach huge misconceptions about the topic under consideration.


  1. Erlwanger, S. H. (1973). Benny’s conceptions of rules and answers in individually prescribed instruction (IPI) mathematics. Journal of Children Mathematics Behavior (CMB), 1(2), 7–26.Google Scholar
  2. Rosnick, P., & Clement, J. (1980). Learning without understanding: The effect of tutoring strategies on Algebra Misconceptions. The Journal of Mathematical Behavior, 3(1), 3–27.Google Scholar
  3. Skemp, R. (1976). Relational understanding and instrumental understanding. Mathematics Teaching, 77, 20–26.Google Scholar
  4. Skemp, R. (1979). Goals for learning and quality of understanding. Mathematics Teaching, 88, 44–49.Google Scholar

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shlomo Vinner
    • 1
  1. 1.The Hebrew University of JerusalemJerusalemIsrael

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