Matthew: Interpreter of Mark, Founder of a Genre
Garroway argues that Matthew appropriated and carefully revised Mark, generating a narrative in which the meaning of gospel becomes dislodged from its original Pauline context. Matthew turns Paul’s “gospel” into Jesus’s “gospel about the kingdom,” replacing Paul’s message about salvation outside the Law with a message from Jesus about eschatological redemption. Matthew also rehabilitates the reputation of Paul’s opponents, the disciples, makes Jesus endorse rather than abrogate the Law, and curtails the ministry to the Gentiles during Jesus’s lifetime. Still further, Garroway shows, Matthew expands the meaning of the term euangelion by using it to describe his entire narrative about Jesus, thereby inaugurating the Gospel genre.