Indications for Mechanical Ventilation

  • Hooman Poor


The main indication for mechanical ventilation is respiratory failure, defined as the inability of the lungs to perform adequate gas exchange. Mechanical ventilators utilize positive pressure to support gas exchange and unload the muscles of respiration. This chapter will review some of the common causes of respiratory failure.


Total minute ventilation Alveolar volume Alveolar ventilation Dead-space volume Dead-space ventilation Alveolar hypoventilation Apnea CO2 narcosis Respiratory acidosis 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hooman Poor
    • 1
  1. 1.Mount Sinai – National Jewish Health Respiratory InstituteIcahn School of MedicineNew YorkUSA

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