Preoperative and Postoperative Chest X-Ray

  • Michele AnzideiEmail author
  • Vincenzo Noce
  • Carola Palla


CXR is a first-line diagnostic tool for many clinical scenarios, since it is available in every hospital unit and is cheap in terms of costs and patients dose. Furthermore, it represents a wide-ranging point of view for the thoracic surgeon, allowing either pre-interventional evaluation and post-surgical monitoring.

Principal indication of chest X-Ray in the field of thoracic surgery include:
  • Pre-operative assessment, the utility of which has been validated only for patients that present new\unstable cardiopulmonary disease;

  • Post-operative follow-up, in order to evaluate surgery complications such as persistent air leakage, pneumonia, parenchymal atelectasis, empyema;

  • Monitoring medical devices (pleural, esophageal, tracheal etc.)

By knowing specific chest X-Ray semiology, the physician is able to interpret the images obtaining clinical information.


Chest X-Ray Radiology Chest imaging Thoracic surgery Cardiac surgery 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Radiological, Oncological and Anatomopatological SciencesSapienza, University of RomeRomeItaly

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