Employee Assistance Programs and Behavioral Health Disability
The definition of an employee assistance program (EAP) varies depending on where in the world the EAP is functioning, what standards are being applied, the nature of the services offered, and the country in which the EAP operates. In general, regardless of the location, type, and model, an effective EAP program serves two clients: the work organization and the individual employee. An EAP is “a professional assessment/referral and/or short-term counseling service offered to employees with alcohol, drug, or mental health problems that may affect their jobs” (Masi (2011) Definition and history of employee assistance programs in correct Understanding and application of EAP necessary for all entities that implement measures for mental health. Kabushiki Kaisha Roudou, Tokyo, Japan. Retrieved 11 Aug 2017). As the EAP field has developed, many EAPs are now much more broad-based with an emphasis on variety of problems that may affect work/life balance including parent/child issues, family concerns, legal concerns, and financial concerns. The point of access for EAP's has also changed as EAP's have evolved. Previously, EAPs were accessed primarily by a supervisor referral. At present, EAPs are still accessed in this manner but also by employee self-referrals.
- American Psychological Association. (2014). Stress in America: paying with our health. Retrieved September 7, 2017, https://www.apa.org/news/press/releases/stress/2014/stress-report.pdf.
- Attridge Consulting Inc. (2017). Evidence-based workplace mental health risk management: Implications for EAP. Plenary presentation at the annual institute of the Employee Assistance Society of North America, Atlanta, GA. July 7, 2017, http://hdl.handle.net/10713/6571.
- Attridge, M., & Wallace, S. (2010). Able-minded: return to work accommodations for disability leave and mental disorders. Vancouver, BC, Canada. Retrieved August 14, 2017, http://archivehshsl.umaryland.edu/handle/10713/3834. Accessed 14 Aug 2017.
- Beck, A. T. (1972). Major depressive disorder: Causes and treatment. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press. 0-8122-1032-8.Google Scholar
- Chestnut Global Partners. (2017). Future trends report. An analysis of what is occurring in the fields of employee assistance, organizational health and workplace productivity industries. Retrieved July 28, 2017, http://www.chestnut.globalpartners.com/2017/9/18.
- Cognichoice. (2016). 10 Sobering facts on the business costs of addiction in 2016. Retrieved September 7, 2017, http://www.cognichoice.com/2016/02/13. 10-sobering.
- Employee Assistance Professional Association. (2005). Retrieved July 7, 2017, https://metroeap.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/08/EAP-buyers-guide.pdf.
- Employee Assistance Professional Association. (2017a). Ethical Issues and Codes, Retrieved December 5, 2017, https://www.eapassn.org/about/about-employee-assistance/ethical-issues-and-codes.
- Employee Assistance Professional Association. (2017b). National conference keynote session titled: wrestling with EAP core technology: origins and future implications for the profession. Interview with Greg DeLapp & Dr. Paul Roman.Google Scholar
- Gallup Report. (2017). Major depressive disorder costs U.S. workplaces $23 billion in absenteeism. Retrieved July 10, 2017, http://www.gallup.com/poll/163619/Major Depressive Disorder-costs-workplaces-bllions-absenteeism.aspx.
- Human Solutions Report. (2017). Annual report: able-minded return to work and accommodations for workers on disability leave for mental disorders. Retrieved August 13, 2017, https://archive.hshsl.umaryland.edu/handle/10713/3834.
- Jensen-Doss, A., & Hawley, K. M. (2011). Understanding clinicians’ diagnostic practices: Attitudes toward the utility of diagnosis and standardized diagnostic tools. Administration and Policy in Mental Health Services Research, 38(6), 476–485. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10488-011-0334-3 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Karg, R. S., Bose, J., Batts, K. R., Forman-Hoffman, V. L., Liao, D., Hirsch, E., Pemberton, M. R., Colpe, L. J., & Hedden, S. L. (2017). Past year mental disorders among adults in the United States: Results from the 2008–2012 mental health surveillance study. CBHSQ Data Review. SAMSHA. Retrieved June 22, 2017, https://www.samhsa.gov/data/...N2MentalDis.../NSDUH-DR-N2MentalDis-2014.htm.
- Lelliott, P., Boradman, J., Harvey, S., Henderson, M., Knapp, M., & Tulloch, S. (2008). Mental health and work: A report for the national director for work and health. London: Royal College of Psychiatrists. Retrieved October 11, 2017, http://www.rcpsych.ac.uk/clinicalservicesstandards/crupublications/2008.aspx.
- Masi, D. (2011). Definition and history of employee assistance programs in correct Understanding and application of EAP necessary for all entities that implement measures for mental health. Kabushiki Kaisha Roudou, Tokyo, Japan, June 2011. Retrieved 11 Aug 2017.Google Scholar
- Milliman Medical Index. (2017). Retrieved October 28, 2017, www.milliman.com/uploadedFiles/insight/Periodicals/mmi/pdfs/2014-mmi.pdf.
- National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence. Drugs and alcohol in the workplace (2017). Retrieved September 20, 2017, https://www.ncadd.org/aboutaddiction/update’drugsandalcoholintheworkplace.
- Partnership for Workplace Mental Health. (2016). Taking on mental health in the workplace: programs that make a difference. Retrieved October 30, 2017, dmec.org/wp-content/.../Taking-on-Mental-Health-in-the-Workplace_5.20.16.pdf.
- Roman, P., & Blum, T. C. (1988). Reaffirmation of the core technology for employee assistance programs. The ALMACAN, 19(8), 17–22.Google Scholar
- Sharar, D., & Pompe, J. (2008). Preparing for the challenges of research. Journal of Employee Assistance, 38(2), 7–9.Google Scholar
- Sharar, D., & Pompe, J., (2014). How recent innovations in technology and analytics can transform the EAP industry. Presented at the Northern IL EAPA 36th annual conference.Google Scholar
- Sharar, D., Pompe, J., & Lennox, R. (2012). Evaluating the workplace effects of eap counseling. Journal of Health and Productivity, 6(12), 5–14.Google Scholar
- Sharar, D., Popovits, R., & Donahue, E. (2010). Telephone counseling in employee assistance programs: Is it effective? Is it legal? Journal of Compensation and Benefits, 26(1), 1–4.Google Scholar
- Sheparis, C., & Walsh, F. (2017). The fragility of freedom, counseling today. 60(4), 46–50.Google Scholar
- Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMSHA). (2014). Behavioral health trends in the United States: results from the 2014 national survey on drug use and health. Retrieved October 30, 2017, https://www.samhsa.gov/data/sites/default/files/NSDUH-FRR1-2014/NSDUH-FRR1-2014.pdf
- Weis, D. (2014). Fitness for duty evaluation EAP algorithm. Unpublished work.Google Scholar