Endophytes and Forest Health

  • Johanna WitzellEmail author
  • Juan A. Martín
Part of the Forestry Sciences book series (FOSC, volume 86)


Forest disturbance regimes are in transition due to global climate change, shifts in land use patterns and the introduction of damaging organisms to forests by human. This has made the maintenance and improvement of forest health a high priority issue, and various stakeholders have shown interest in understanding and utilizing the ecological interactions between trees and their associated microbes in forest protection. Internal, endophytic microbes can influence the health of trees either by directly interacting with the damaging agents or modulating host responses to infection. Research concerning endophytes as regulators of plant phenotypes has recently shifted from the single endophyte species or strain level to a community-based view that focuses on core microbiomes. In addition, the multifaceted role of endophytes, including their potential in forest decline processes, has attracted increasing research attention. In this chapter, we summarize some of the recent findings regarding the role of endophytes in forest health, discuss options for integrating endobiome engineering into forest management practices, and outline strategies for future research into the role of endophytes as determinants of forest health.



The work was supported by the Swedish Research Council Formas grant 2012-1358 to JW. The English language was edited by Sees-editing Ltd., North Somerset, United Kingdom.


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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Southern Swedish Forest Research Center, Faculty of Forest SciencesSwedish University of Agricultural SciencesAlnarpSweden
  2. 2.Departamento de Sistemas y Recursos NaturalesUniversidad Politécnica de MadridMadridSpain

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