Simulation Environments

  • Vicki Moran
  • Rita Wunderlich
  • Cynthia Rubbelke


Simulation environments are important for the realism of the simulation experience. Various modalities and fidelities should be considered and structured to meet the course objectives. Standardized patients offer an opportunity for live patient interaction in simulation. A theoretical background and evaluation of the effectiveness of the simulation experience should be developed and measured.


Environment Standardized patient Fidelity Self-efficacy Confidence Competence 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vicki Moran
    • 1
  • Rita Wunderlich
    • 2
  • Cynthia Rubbelke
    • 1
  1. 1.School of NursingSaint Louis UniversitySaint LouisUSA
  2. 2.McAuley School of NursingMaryville University McAuley School of NursingSaint LouisUSA

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