Country Risk Mitigation Strategies

  • Michel Henry BouchetEmail author
  • Charles A. Fishkin
  • Amaury Goguel


Organizations face various choices as they seek to manage Country Risk. If they understand their exposure to this risk, they can further evaluate (i) the approaches available to mitigate it; (ii) the costs relative to the benefits; and (iii) any additional or new issues they may incur, including credit, market, and operational risk. The foundation or any strategy to mitigate Country Risk is careful assessment based on rigorous research. Among the most traditional approaches to mitigate Country Risks are risk limits and diversification of suppliers, trading counterparties, and banks. Other approaches involve guarantees, financial hedging transactions, master netting agreements, and collateral. Various governmental and multilateral organization provide sources of additional support to protect against the risks relating to exports and trade financing, including the World Bank, the Multilateral Investments Guarantee Agency, the International Finance Corporation, the Overseas Private Investment Corporation, Coface, and various export credit agencies.


Guarantees Risk limits Diversification Credit default swaps Master netting agreements Collateral Multilateral agencies Dispute settlement 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michel Henry Bouchet
    • 1
    Email author
  • Charles A. Fishkin
    • 2
  • Amaury Goguel
    • 3
  1. 1.Skema Business SchoolParis-Sophia Antipolis-Suzhou-RaleighFrance
  2. 2.ChappaquaUSA
  3. 3.Skema Business SchoolParis-Sophia Antipolis-Suzhou-RaleighFrance

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