Advertisement

Health and Retirement

  • Victor Minichiello
  • Michael I. MacEntee
  • Andrew Rugg-Gunn
  • Rodrigo J. MariñoEmail author
  • Rowan D. Story
  • Elham Emami
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter deals with the occupational health and safety concerns faced by oral health professionals, as well as how they may prepare for and enjoy their retirement. The most common occupational health hazards experienced by oral health professionals include physical dangers, such as blood-borne viruses, therapeutic radiation and biomaterial chemicals, harmful noise, vibration, and ergonomic stress. Many dentists may also encounter psychological stress and occasionally even workplace violence. Retirement is both a psychological and a social phenomenon, with personal and financial implications, all influenced by individual and cultural characteristics. It is a stage of life usually associated with reduced activity, responsibility, and stress; however, there are many pathways to approaching and preparing for retirement and oral health professionals are encouraged to consider the broad range of approaches that may be taken in this stage of their professional lives.

Keywords

Occupational health Retirement Oral health professions 

References

  1. Anderson ND, Damianakis T, Kröger E et al (2014) The benefits associated with volunteering among seniors: a critical review and recommendations for future research. Psychol Bull 140:1505–1533CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Association of Retiring Dentists (2017) Mission, vision and philosophy. http://www.retiringdentists.com/about-us/mission-vision-and-philosophy. Accessed 4 Apr 2017
  3. Australian Government (2015) Superannuation policy and legislation. www.finance.gov.au/superannuation/policy-and-legislation/. Accessed 20 Feb 2017
  4. Birks Y, McKendree J, Watt I (2009) Emotional intelligence and perceived stress in healthcare students: a multi-institutional, multi-professional survey. BMC Med Educ 9:61CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Calvo E, Haverstick K, Sass SA (2009) Gradual retirement, sense of control, and retirees’ happiness. Res Aging 31:112–135CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Carstensen L (2011) Older people are happier TED talk. November 2011. https://www.ted.com/talks/laura_carstensen_older_people_are_happier. Accessed 3 Apr 2017
  7. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2016) Summary of infection prevention practices in dental settings: basic expectations for safe care. US Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Division of Oral Health, Atlanta, GAGoogle Scholar
  8. Dendinger VM, Adams GA, Jacobson JD (2005) Reasons for working and their relationship to retirement attitudes, job satisfaction and occupational self-efficacy of bridge employees. Int J Aging Hum Dev 61:21–35CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Denton FT, Spencer BG (2009) What is retirement? A review and assessment of alternative concepts and measures. Can J Aging 28:63–76CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Dychtwald K (2016) New study reveals four distinct stages of retirement leisure. Huffington Post, The Blog, 13 May 2016. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/ken-dychtwald/four-distinct-stages-of-retirement_b_9875128.html. Accessed 30 Mar 2017
  11. Employment and Social Development Canada (2016) Addressing the challenges and opportunities of ageing in Canada. Government of Canada, Ottawa. http://www.esdc.gc.ca/eng/seniors/reports/aging.shtml. Accessed 12 Sept 2016
  12. Fasbender U, Wang M, Voltmer JB et al (2015) The meaning of work for post-retirement employment decisions. Work Aging Retire 2(1):12–23.  https://doi.org/10.1093/workar/wav015Google Scholar
  13. Federal Reserve System (2015) Report on the economic well-being of U.S. households in 2014 in Federal Reserve System. https://www.federalreserve.gov/econresdata/2014-report-economic-well-being-us-households-201505.pdf. Accessed 3 Apr 2017
  14. Financial Consumer Agency of Canada (2013) Working while collecting public pension benefits in Ottawa: Government of Canada. http://www.fcac-acfc.gc.ca/Eng/forConsumers/lifeEvents/livingRetirement/Pages/workingw-travtout.aspx. Accessed 12 Sept 2016
  15. Gambetta-Tessini K, Mariño R, Morgan M et al (2013) Stress and health-promoting attributes in Australian, New Zealand, and Chilean dental students. J Dent Educ 77:801–809PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. Goodman J, Schlossberg N, Anderson M (2006) Counseling adults in transitions. Springer, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  17. Gorter RC, Eijkman MA, Hoogstraten J (2000) Burnout and health among Dutch dentists. Eur J Oral Sci 108:261–267CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Greenwald L, Copeland C, VanDerhei J (2017) The 2017 retirement confidence survey: many workers lack retirement confidence and feel stressed about retirement preparations. EBRI issue brief, number 431. https://ssrn.com/abstract=2941583. Accessed 4 Apr 2017
  19. Handy C (1994) The empty raincoat. Penguin, MelbourneGoogle Scholar
  20. Helman R, Adams NE, Copeland C, et al (2014) The 2014 retirement confidence survey: confidence rebounds—for those with retirement plans. EBRI issue brief. 2014 Mar (397). http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2414573. Accessed 18 Sept 2016
  21. Hessel P (2016) Does retirement (really) lead to worse health among European men and women across all educational levels? Soc Sci Med 151:19–26CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Horner EM (2014) Subjective well-being and retirement: analysis and policy recommendations. J Happiness Stud 15:125–144CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Insler M (2014) The health consequences of retirement. J Hum Resour 49:195–233Google Scholar
  24. Lazarus RS (2006) Emotions and interpersonal relationships: toward a person-centered conceptualization of emotions and coping. J Pers 74:9–46CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Merrill Lynch (2013) Americans’ perspectives on new retirement realities and the longevity bonus: a 2013 Merrill Lynch retirement study conducted in partnership with age wave. Bank of America Corporation. https://mlaem.fs.ml.com/content/dam/ML/Articles/pdf/AR111544.pdf. Accessed 31 Mar 2017
  26. McCarthy J (2016) Americans’ financial worries edge up in 2016. Economy. http://www.gallup.com/poll/191174/americans-financial-worries-edge-2016.aspx. Accessed 30 Mar 2017
  27. McDonald L, Donahue P (2011) Retirement lost? Can J Aging 30:401–422CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Moon JR, Glymour M, Subramanian SV et al (2012) Transition to retirement and risk of cardiovascular disease: prospective analysis of the US health and retirement study. Soc Sci Med 75:526–530CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Muirhead V, Locker D (2008) Canadian dental students’ perceptions of stress and social support. Eur J Dent Educ 12:144–148CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Murphy RJ, Gray SA, Sterling G et al (2009) A comparative study of professional student stress. J Dent Educ 73:328–337PubMedGoogle Scholar
  31. My Retirement Works (2017) The research: successful retirement – research findings, reflections and recommendations. www.myretirementworks.com. Accessed 4 Sept 2016
  32. National Institute on Aging (2011) Global health and aging. NIH publication no. 11-7737 October. https://www.nia.nih.gov/sites/default/files/2017-06/global_health_aging.pdf. Accessed 4 Sept 2016
  33. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (2017) Medical & dental offices: a guide to compliance with OSHA standards (OSHA 3187-09R). https://www.osha.gov/SLTC/dentistry/index.html. Accessed 14 Mar 2017
  34. OECD (2015) Expected years in retirement. In: Pensions at a glance 2015: OECD and G20 indicators. OECD Publishing, Paris, doi:  https://doi.org/10.1787/pension_glance-2015-26-en. Accessed 3 Apr 2017
  35. Omigbodun OO, Odukogbe ATA, Omigbodun AO et al (2006) Stressors and psychological symptoms in students of medicine and allied health professions in Nigeria. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 41:415–421CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Pew Research Centre (2014) Attitudes about aging: a global perspective. http://www.pewglobal.org/2014/01/30/attitudes-about-aging-a-global-perspective/. Accessed 5 Apr 2017
  37. Rada RE, Johnson-Leong C (2004) Stress, burnout, anxiety and depression among dentists. J Am Dent Assoc 135:788–794CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Schultz K, Wang M (2011) Psychological perspectives on the changing nature of retirement. Am Psychol 66(3):170–179CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Sonnega A, Faul J, Ofstedal M et al (2014) Cohort profile: the health and retirement study (HRS). Int J Epidemiol 43:576–585CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Stancanelli EG (2014) Divorcing upon retirement: a regression discontinuity study. Institute for the Study of Labor. Discussion paper no. 8117. http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2426871. Accessed 17 Sept 2016
  41. Te Brake H, Smits N, Wicherts JM, Gorter RC, Hoogstraten J (2008) Burnout development among dentists: a longitudinal study. Eur J Oral Sci 116:545–551CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. The Canadian Press (2016) Millennials, Gen-Xers losing financial confidence, CIBC poll finds. https://www.thestar.com/business/2016/07/14/millennials-gen-xers-losing-financial-confidence-cibs-poll-finds.html. Accessed 31 Mar 2017
  43. Van Dalen HP, Henkens K, Hendersikse W et al (2010) Do Europeans employers support later retirement? Int J Manpower 31:360–373CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Van Solinge H, Henkens K (2005) Couples’ adjustment to retirement: a multi-actor panel study. J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 60(1):S11–S20CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Wang M, Shi J (2014) Psychological research on retirement. Annu Rev Psychol 65:209–233CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Westerlund H, Vahtera J, Ferrie J et al (2010) Effect of retirement on major chronic conditions and fatigue: French Gazel occupational cohort study. Br Med J 341:c6140CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Yao CS, MacEntee MI (2014) Inequity in oral health care for elderly Canadians: part 3. Reducing barriers to oral care. J Can Dent Assoc 80:e11. http://www.jcda.ca/article/e11 Accessed 4 Apr 2017Google Scholar
  48. Zhan Y, Wang M, Liu S et al (2009) Bridge employment and retirees’ health: a longitudinal investigation. J Occup Health Psychol 14:374–389CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Zhan Y, Wang M, Shi J (2015) Retirees’ motivational orientations and bridge employment: testing the moderating role of gender. J Appl Psychol 100:1319–1331CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Victor Minichiello
    • 1
  • Michael I. MacEntee
    • 2
  • Andrew Rugg-Gunn
    • 3
  • Rodrigo J. Mariño
    • 4
    Email author
  • Rowan D. Story
    • 4
  • Elham Emami
    • 5
  1. 1.School of Social JusticeQueensland University of TechnologyBrisbaneAustralia
  2. 2.Faculty of DentistryUniversity of British ColumbiaVancouverCanada
  3. 3.Newcastle UniversityNewcastle upon TyneUK
  4. 4.Melbourne Dental SchoolThe University of MelbourneParkvilleAustralia
  5. 5.Faculty of DentistryMcGill UniversityMontrealCanada

Personalised recommendations