Advertisement

Infective Endocarditis

  • Jonathan J. Ramalho
  • Adam S. Budzikowski
Chapter

Abstract

Infective endocarditis is an infectious/inflammatory process that involves heart valves and the supporting valvular apparatus. A Prompt diagnosis is pivotal in preservation of valvular structures and prevention of disease complications.

Keywords

Infective endocarditis Osler nodes Roth spots Splinter hemorrhages Modified Duke criteria Vegetarian Mycotic aneurysm Perivalvular abscess 

References

  1. 1.
    Infective endocarditis. In: Golian E, editor. Rapid review pathology (4th ed). Elsevier; 2013.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Cahill TJ, Prendergast BD. Infective endocarditis. Lancet. 2016;387(10021):882–93.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Durack DT, Lukes AS, Bright DK. New criteria for diagnosis of infective endocarditis: utilization of specific echocardiographic findings. Duke Endocarditis Service. Am J Med. 1994;96:200–9.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Habib G, Lancellotti P, Antunes MJ, Bongiorni MG, Casalta JP, et al. ESC guidelines for the management of infective endocarditis: the task force for the management of infective endocarditis of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC). Eur Heart J. 2015;36(44):3075–128.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Li JS, Sexton DJ, Mick N, Nettles R, Fowler VG Jr, Ryan T, Bashore T, Corey GR. Proposed modifications to the Duke criteria for the diagnosis of infective endocarditis. Clin Infect Dis. 2000;30(4):633–8.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Nishimura RA, et al. 2017 AHA/ACC focused update of the 2014 guideline for the management of patients with valvular heart disease. JACC. 2017;70(2):252–89.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Nishimura RA, et al. AHA/ACC guideline for the management of patients with valvular heart disease: executive summary. JACC. 2014;63:2438–88.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State University of New York Downstate Medical CenterBrooklynUSA
  2. 2.Division of Cardiovascular Medicine-EP SectionSUNY Downstate Medical CenterBrooklynUSA

Personalised recommendations