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The Osseous Structures

  • Mary M. Salvatore
  • Ronaldo Collo Go
  • Monica A. Pernia M.
Chapter

Abstract

The visualized osseous structures on chest CT which include the spine, ribs, sternum, scapula, and humerus should be examined on bone window settings (Level 600, Window 3000). Look at each one individually to see if it is fractured or contains a lytic or sclerotic lesion. The bones are reviewed on axial images, and the review is supplemented by looking at sagittal images to exclude a vertebral body compression fracture. Chest wall deformities can be diagnosed on CT and include pectus excavatum and carinatum.

Keywords

Pectus carinatum Pectus excavatum Haller index Benign bone island Hemangioma 

References

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    Restrepo CS, Martinez S, Lemos DF, et al. Imaging appearances of the sternum and sternoclavicular joints. Radiographics. 2009;29(3):839–59.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
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    Jeung MY, Gangi A, Gasser B, et al. Imaging of chest wall disorders. Radiographics. 1999;19(3):617–37.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mary M. Salvatore
    • 1
  • Ronaldo Collo Go
    • 2
  • Monica A. Pernia M.
    • 3
  1. 1.RadiologyIcahn School of Medicine at Mount SinaiNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care, and Sleep MedicineCrystal Run Health CareMiddletownUSA
  3. 3.Internal MedicineNew York Medical College - Metropolitan Hospital ProgramNew YorkUSA

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