Number of Close Friends and Their Links to Life Satisfaction Over the Great Recession in Germany

  • Monique LandbergEmail author
  • Claudia Recksiedler
Part of the Cross-Cultural Advancements in Positive Psychology book series (CAPP, volume 13)


The present study tested if worries about the economy was associated with life satisfaction and if this association was mediated by individuals’ self-reported number of close friends. A longitudinal mediation model was employed across three time points with data from the beginning of the recession in 2008, the midst of the recession in 2011, and the recovery phase in 2013. A diverse sample of German emerging adults aged 18 to 29 (M (SD) age = 23.28 (3.53); 52.3% females at baseline) was selected. Results partly supported the hypotheses. More worries about the economy were associated with fewer close friends and having fewer friends was related to lower levels of life satisfaction. However, after considering the impact of covariates (e.g., gender, age, employment status), the study yielded slightly different results. Implications and practical applications for emerging adults’ well-being in light of economic strain are discussed.


Economic strain Life satisfaction Friendships Great recession Emerging adulthood 


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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Educational PsychologyFriedrich-Schiller-University JenaJenaGermany
  2. 2.German Youth InstituteMunichGermany

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