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Cultural Orientations and Well-Being in Greece: Dyad-Level Processes

  • Konstantinos Kafetsios
Chapter
Part of the Cross-Cultural Advancements in Positive Psychology book series (CAPP, volume 13)

Abstract

In this chapter I explore the ways that an individual’s independent and interdependent self-construal is related to well-being in dyadic interactions in Greece. Previous research on well-being in Greece, a collectivistic culture, found that peoples’ independent self-construal uniquely predicted higher well-being. Yet there is also evidence that those associations are moderated by relationship context, such that higher independent self-construal often results in lower relational well-being in dyadic interactions, especially interactions taking place in close relationships. A study examined links between spouses’ own and partners’ independent and interdependent self-construal and life satisfaction in Greece. Results from actor-partner interdependence models analyses demonstrated that one’s spouse’s life satisfaction was positively associated with one’s own interdependent self-construal, but was negatively associated with the partner’s independent self-construal. Marital satisfaction did not mediate the relationship between chronic interdependence and life satisfaction, but was negatively related to the spouse’s interdependent self-construal. These results suggest that being married can promote evaluations of life satisfaction and well-being for persons with higher interdependent self-construal. This finding is in line with the central cultural mandate (collectivism) in Greece. The present chapter discusses the likely dyad-level processes from a socio-cognitive perspective, linking individuals’ cultural orientations to individual and cultural level processes.

Keywords

Cultural orientations Greece Social interaction Well-being Dyads 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Psychology DepartmentUniversity of CreteRethymnonGreece

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