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Ultrasound of Common Vascular Lesions

  • Ximena Wortsman
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter reviews the ultrasonographic appearance of the most common vascular anomalies with particular emphasis on the patterns of the lesions and considering the last ISSVA classification.

Keywords

Hemangioma Cutaneous hemangioma Hemangioma ultrasound Vascular malformation Vascular malformation ultrasound Vascular anomalies Vascular anomalies ultrasound 

Supplementary material

Video 4.1

Infantile hemangioma in proliferative phase, with sequence that shows a summary of the protocol for studying hemangiomas (see Fig. 4.2) (MP4 2117 kb)

Video 4.2

Hemangioma in proliferative phase. Echoangiogram (B-flow; General Electric Health Systems; Milwaukee, WI, USA) demonstrates high presence of vascularity within the lesion (see Fig. 4.3) (MP4 3112 kb)

Video 4.3

Hemangioma in proliferative phase. Echoangiogram (B-flow; General Electric Health Systems) shows hypervascularity within the lesion (see Fig. 4.4) (MP4 3157 kb)

Video 4.4

Hemangioma in partial regression phase (see Fig. 4.5c) (MP4 3455 kb)

Video 4.5

Rapidly involuting congenital hemangioma (RICH) Echoangiogram (B-flow; General Electric Health Systems) of the case showed in Fig. 4.8 demonstrates prominent lesional vascularity (MP4 3062 kb)

Video 4.6

Rapidly involuting congenital hemangioma (RICH) follow up at 3 months of the case of Fig 4.9 and Video 4.5. Echoangiogram (B-flow; General Electric Health Systems) demonstrates a slight decrease of the vascularity (MP4 3011 kb)

Video 4.7

Rapidly involuting congenital hemangioma (RICH) follow up at 6 months of the case of Fig. 4.9 and Videos 4.5 and 4.6 Echoangiogram (B-flow; General Electric Health Systems) shows a prominent decrease of the vascularity (MP4 3166 kb)

Video 4.8

Non-involuting congenital hemangioma (NICH) basal study at 3 months. Echoangiogram (B-flow; General Electric Health Systems) of the case showed in Fig. 4.11 demonstrates thick and prominent vessels within the lesion (MP4 2927 kb)

Video 4.9

Non-involuting congenital hemangioma (NICH) follow up at 1 year and 6 months. Echoangiogram (B-flow; General Electric Health Systems) of the same case showed in Fig. 4.12 with a basal study presented in Fig. 4.11 and Video 4.8). Similar amount and morphology of the vascularity in comparison with the previous examination (MP4 3258 kb)

Video 4.10

Telangiectasic granuloma. Echoangiogram (B-flow; General Electric Health Systems) of the case showed in Fig. 4.13 shows prominent vascularity within the lesion (MP4 3045 kb)

Video 4.11

High-flow arterial vascular malformation. Color Dopppler ultrasound of the case showed in Fig. 4.16 (right temporal region of the scalp) (MP4 1533 kb)

Video 4.12

High-flow arterial vascular malformation echoangiogram (B-flow; General Electric Health Systems) of the case showed in Fig. 4.17). Notice the hypervascularity of the nasal lesion (MP4 3132 kb)

Video 4.13

High-flow arterio-venous vascular malformation. Echoangiogram (B-flow; General Electric Health Systems) of the case showed in Fig. 4.18). Prominent vessels are seen the lesional area located in the right frontal region (MP4 3227 kb)

Video 4.14

Low-flow venous vascular malformation. Color Doppler ultrasound of the case presented in Fig. 4.20. Notice the compression maneuver with the probe that easily compresses the venous vessels of the malformation (MP4 3422 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.IDIEPInstitute for Diagnostic Imaging and Research of the Skin and Soft TissuesSantiagoChile
  2. 2.Department of DermatologyUniversidad de ChileSantiagoChile
  3. 3.Department of DermatologyPontificia Universidad Católica de ChileSantiagoChile

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