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Progress of Bioceramic and Bioglass Bone Scaffolds for Load-Bearing Applications

  • Jingzhou Yang
Chapter

Abstract

Despite tremendous advances in the fields of biomaterials science, tissue engineering, and regenerative medicine, it still remains challenging to repair bone defects at load-bearing sites using artificial bone tissue scaffolds. This inefficiency largely originates from the lack of strong scaffolds with appropriate load-bearing capacity during bone regeneration. Bioceramic/bioglass bone scaffolds have developed significantly towards load-bearing applications. This review focuses on the fundamental design concepts and manufacturing methods that are required for the fabrication of load-bearing bioceramic/bioglass scaffolds. Through tailoring microstructure and macrostructure, the mechanical properties of bone scaffolds could be greatly enhanced. This review highlights recent advances in manufacturing, in vitro mechanic characterization, and in vivo assessment of bioceramic and bioglass scaffolds in load-bearing bone defect models. It also gives the perspective on developing strong and tough bone scaffolds by bioinspiration.

Keywords

Load-bearing bone scaffold Bioceramic Bioglass Bone tissue engineering 3D printing Freeze casting Biomaterial Regenerative medicine Bone repair Bone regeneration Microstructure design Biofabrication Orthopedic material Calcium phosphate Hydroxyapatite 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jingzhou Yang
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Affiliated Hospital of Hebei University, Health Science CentreHebei UniversityBaodingP. R. China
  2. 2.Research Centre of Biomedical Materials 3D PrintingNational Engineering Laboratory for Polymer Complex Structure Additive ManufacturingBaodingP. R. China
  3. 3.Hebei Dazhou Smart Manufacturing Technology Co., Ltd.BaodingP. R. China

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