Advertisement

Contextualising the Ottoman Dynasty: Sultan Mehmed V Reşad and the Ottoman Princes in the Great War

  • Mustafa Serdar Palabıyık
Chapter
Part of the Palgrave Studies in Modern Monarchy book series (PSMM)

Abstract

This chapter discusses the role of Sultan Mehmed V Reşad and the Ottoman princes during World War I, focusing on their interaction with the Committee of Union and Progress (the CUP), which wielded political power in what had become a constitutional monarchy. It explores the background to Reşad’s coming to the throne, and reveals that the tradition perspectives on him as ruler need to be challenged. On coming to the throne, it was expected by contemporaries that he might prove to be an old and at the same time an inexperienced ruler, one easily controlled by the CUP, which had removed his predecessor and organised his instalment instead. This perspective has been adopted by much of the historiography on the last decades of Ottoman rule. However, this chapter provides an alternative interpretation, arguing that instead of being mere puppets of the CUP regime, the Sultan and the Ottoman princes created a very complex relationship between the CUP and the dynasty. The chapter demonstrates, in particular, how the Ottoman dynasty transformed itself before and during the war and highlights the popular impacts of this transformation. The main argument here is that the Ottoman dynasty in general, and Sultan Reşad in particular, had adapted themselves to the new era in Ottoman politics both domestically and internationally and this enabled to play a prominent part in sustaining morale during the Great War.

Select Bibliography

  1. Ahmad, Feroz (2010) The Young Turks: The Committee of Union and Progress in Turkish Politics, 1908–1914 (New York: Columbia University Press).Google Scholar
  2. Aksakal, Mustafa (2008) Ottoman Road to War in 1914: The Ottoman Empire and the First World War (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).Google Scholar
  3. Beşikçi, Mehmet (2012) The Ottoman Mobilization of Manpower in the First World War: Between Voluntarism and Resistance (Leiden: Brill).Google Scholar
  4. Çelebi, Mevlüt (1999) Sultan Reşad’ın Rumeli Seyahati (İstanbul: Akademi Yayınevi).Google Scholar
  5. Çetiner, Yılmaz (1997) Son Padişah Vahdettin (İstanbul: Milliyet Yayınları).Google Scholar
  6. Clarke, Peter (1986) West Africans at War, 1914–1918, 1939–1945: Colonial Propaganda and Its Cultural Aftermath (London: Ethnographics Ltd.).Google Scholar
  7. Danişmend, İsmail Hami (1986) Sadrıazam Tevfik Paşa’nın Dosyasındaki Resmi ve Hususi Vesikalara Göre 31 Mart Vakası (İstanbul: İstanbul Kitabevi).Google Scholar
  8. Georgeon, François (2006) Sultan Abdülhamid (İstanbul: Homer Kitabevi).Google Scholar
  9. Geyer, Martin H., and Johannes Paulmann, eds (2001) The Mechanics of Internationalism: Culture, Society and Politics from the 1840s to the First World War (Oxford: Oxford University Press).Google Scholar
  10. Glencross, Matthew (2015) The State Visits of Edward VII (Basingstoke: Palgrave).Google Scholar
  11. Kansu, Aykut (1997) The Revolution of 1908 in Turkey (Leiden: Brill).Google Scholar
  12. Kedourie, Sylvia ed. (2013) Seventy-Five Years of the Turkish Republic (Abingdon: Routledge).Google Scholar
  13. Landau, Jacob M. (1990) The Politics of Pan-Islam: Ideology and Organization (Oxford: Clarendon Press).Google Scholar
  14. Öztuna, Yılmaz (1996) Devletler ve Hanedanlar. Cilt II: Türkiye (1074–1990) (Ankara: T. C. Kültür Bakanlığı Yayınları).Google Scholar
  15. Palabıyık, Mustafa Serdar (2015) Understanding the Turkish-Armenian Controversy Over 1915 (İstanbul: Beta).Google Scholar
  16. Paşa, Mahmud Şevket, and Hafız Hakkı Paşa (2009) Rumeli: Yağmalanan İmparatorluk (İstanbul: Örgün Yayınevi).Google Scholar
  17. Quataert, Donald (2005) The Ottoman Empire, 1700–1922 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).Google Scholar
  18. Şakir, Ziya (2014) İttihad ve Terakki Nasıl Yaşadı? (İstanbul: Akıl Fikir Yayınları).Google Scholar
  19. Silberstein, Gerard E. (1970) The Troubled Alliance: German-Austrian Relations, 1914 to 1917 (Kentucky: University of Kentucky Press).Google Scholar
  20. Simavi, Lütfi (2004) Son Osmanlı Sarayında Gördüklerim (İstanbul: Örgün Yayınevi).Google Scholar
  21. Tucker, Spencer C. ed. (1996) The European Powers in the First World War: An Encyclopedia (New York: Garland Publishing).Google Scholar
  22. Tucker, Spencer C. ed. (2014) First World War: The Definitive Encyclopedia and Document Collection, 5 vols (Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-Clio).Google Scholar
  23. Turfan, M. Naim (2000) Rise of the Young Turks: Politics, the Military and Ottoman Collapse (London: I.B. Tauris).Google Scholar
  24. Türkgeldi, Ali Fuad (1984) Görüp İşittiklerim (Ankara: Türk Tarih Kurumu Yayınları).Google Scholar
  25. Ünüvar, Safiye (2013) Saray Hatıralarım (İstanbul: Timaş Yayınları).Google Scholar
  26. Uşaklıgil, Halid Ziya (2003) Saray ve Ötesi (İstanbul: Özgür Yayınları).Google Scholar
  27. Winter, Jay ed. (2014) The Cambridge History of the First World War (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).Google Scholar
  28. Zürcher, Eric Jan (1984) The Unionist Factor: The Role of the Committee of Union and Progress in the Turkish National Movement, 1905–1926 (Leiden: Brill).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.TOBB University of Economics and TechnologyAnkaraTurkey

Personalised recommendations