Brain, Environment, Hormone-Based Appetite, Ingestive Behavior, and Body Weight

  • Kyle S. BurgerEmail author
  • Grace E. Shearrer
  • Jennifer R. Gilbert


Energy balance and appetite regulation are a complex process that integrates signals from homeostatic, hedonic, and environmental sources directing eating behavior. In addition to integrating homeostatic signals from the endocrine axis, the brain also drives eating behavior base on learned consummatory habits, sensory cues regarding the energy content and palatability of food, self-regulation, and the environment in which individuals live. This chapter will focus on how different internal and external factors influence central control of appetite, energy intake, and weight status, as well as how eating patterns may alter the brain’s response to food stimuli.


Fat Sugar Reward Gustatory Somatosensory fMRI 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kyle S. Burger
    • 1
    Email author
  • Grace E. Shearrer
    • 1
  • Jennifer R. Gilbert
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of NutritionUniversity of North Carolina at Chapel HillChapel HillUSA

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