Advertisement

Identifying and Managing Brain and Behavior Conditions

  • Serena A. Fernandes
  • Kevin K. Tsang
  • Patricia Ibeziako
Chapter

Abstract

There is increasing recognition of the need for an integrated approach between pediatric neurologists and child psychiatrists to effectively care for children with neurological disorders. The consultation-liaison providers are increasingly called on to identify psychiatric manifestations of neurological disorders and to help manage the emotional and behavioral effects of the illness, its treatment, and longer-term neuropsychiatric sequelae. This chapter reviews common childhood neurological illness and highlights relevant psychiatric considerations in their presentation, assessment, and treatment.

Keywords

Neurological Neuropsychiatric Neurobehavioral Behavioral neurology Central nervous system Pediatrics 

References

  1. Beauchemin, P., & Laforce, R., Jr. (2014). Neurocognitive changes in tertiary neurosyphilis: A retrospective chart review. The Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences, 41(4), 452–458.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Benseler, S. M., & Silverman, E. D. (2007). Systemic lupus erythematosus. Rheumatic Diseases Clinics of North America, 33(3), 471–498. vi.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Benton, T. D. (2011). Psychiatric considerations in children and adolescents with HIV/AIDS. Pediatric Clinics of North America, 58(4), 989–1002.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bujoreanu, I. S., Ibeziako, P., & Demaso, D. R. (2011). Psychiatric concerns in pediatric epilepsy. Pediatric Clinics of North America, 58(4), 973–988.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Chandran, A., Herbert, H., Misurski, D., & Santosham, M. (2011). Long-term sequelae of childhood bacterial meningitis: an underappreciated problem. The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal, 30(1), 3–6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Crowell, C. S., Huo, Y., Tassiopoulos, K., Malee, K. M., Yogev, R., Hazra, R., Rutstein, R. M., Nichols, S. L., Smith, R. A., Williams, P. L., & Oleske, J. (2015). Muller WJ; PACTG 219C study team and the pediatric HIVAIDS cohort study (PHACS). Early viral suppression improves neurocognitive outcomes in HIV-infected children. AIDS, 29(3), 295–304.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Ferraria, N., Rocha, S., Fernandes, V. S., Correia, T., & Gonçalves, E. (2013). Juvenile systemic lupus erythematosus with primary neuropsychiatric presentation. BMJ Case Reports, 2013, bcr2012008270.Google Scholar
  8. Greenham, M., Anderson, V., Hearps, S., Ditchfield, M., Coleman, L., Mackay, M. T., Monagle, P., & Gordon, A. L. (2017). Psychosocial function in the first year after childhood stroke. Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, 59, 1027–1033.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Huffman, J. C., Brennan, M. M., Smith, F. A., & Stern, T. A. (2010). Patients with neurologic conditions I. Seizure disorders (including Nonepileptic Seizures), cerebrovascular disease, and traumatic brain injury. In T. A. Stern, G. L. Fricchione, N. H. Cassem, M. S. Jellinek, & J. F. Rosenbaum (Eds.), Massachusetts general hospital handbook of general hospital psychiatry (pp. 237–253). Philadelphia: Saunders Elsevier, Inc.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Jeong, G., Lim, B. C., & Chae, J. H. (2015). Pediatric Stroke. Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Association, 57(6), 396–400.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Jones, J. E., Watson, R., Sheth, R., Caplan, R., Koehn, M., Seidenberg, M., & Hermann, B. (2007). Psychiatric comorbidity in children with new onset epilepsy. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 49(7), 493–497.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Jones, J. E., Austin, J. K., Caplan, R., Dunn, D., Plioplys, S., & Salpekar, J. A. (2008). Psychiatric disorders in children and adolescents who have epilepsy. Pediatrics in Review, 29(2), e9–e14CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Kaufman, D. M. (2007). Brain tumors and metastatic cancer. In Clinical neurology for psychiatrists (6th ed., pp. 465–484). Philadelphia: Saunders Elsevier, Inc.Google Scholar
  14. Kayser, M. S., & Dalmau, J. (2011). Anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis in psychiatry. Current Psychiatry Reviews, 7(3), 189–193.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Knight, A., Weiss, P., Morales, K., Gerdes, M., Gutstein, A., Vickery, M., & Keren, R. (2014). Depression and anxiety and their association with healthcare utilization in pediatric lupus and mixed connective tissue disease patients: a cross-sectional study. Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal, 12, 42.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Kohut, S. A., Williams, T. S., Jayanthikumar, J., Landolt-Marticorena, C., Lefebvre, A., Silverman, E., & Levy, D. M. (2013). Depressive symptoms are prevalent in childhood-onset systemic lupus erythematosus (cSLE). Lupus, 22(7), 712–720.  https://doi.org/10.1177/0961203313488840.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. Lacy, M., Pyykkonen, B. A., Hunter, S. J., Do, T., Oliveira, M., Austria, E., Mottlow, D., Larson, E., & Frim, D. (2008). Intellectual functioning in children with early shunted posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus. Pediatric Neurosurgery, 44(5), 376–381.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Lacy, M., Baldassarre, M., Nader, T., & Frim, D. (2012). Parent ratings of executive functioning in children with shunted hydrocephalus. Pediatric Neurosurgery, 48(2), 73–79.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Lassaletta, A., Bouffet, E., Mabbott, D., & Kulkarni, A. V. (2015). Functional and neuropsychological late outcomes in posterior fossa tumors in children. Child’s Nervous System, 31(10), 1877–1890.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Levy, D. M., Ardoin, S. P., & Schanberg, L. E. (2009). Neurocognitive impairment in children and adolescents with systemic lupus erythematosus. Nature Clinical Practice. Rheumatology, 5(2), 106–114.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Lindquist, B., Carlsson, G., Persson, E. K., & Uvebrant, P. (2006). Behavioural problems and autism in children with hydrocephalus : a population-based study. European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 15(4), 214–219.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Lynch, J. K., & Han, C. J. (2005). Pediatric stroke: what do we know and what do we need to know? Seminars in Neurology, 25(4), 410–423.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Martini, D. R. (2010). Neurological disease. In R. J. Shaw & D. R. DeMaso (Eds.), Textbook of pediatric psychosomatic medicine (pp. 33–45). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Publishing, Inc.Google Scholar
  24. Moura, M., Silva-Dos-Santos, A., Afonso, J., & Talina, M. (2016). First-episode psychosis in a 15 year-old female with clinical presentation of anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis: A case report and review of the literature. BMC Research Notes, 9, 374.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Nejad, S. H., Roffman, J. L., Kueppenbender, K., Smith, F. A., Huffman, J. C., & Stern, T. A. (2010). Patients with neurologic conditions II. Movement disorders, multiple sclerosis, and other neurologic conditions. In T. A. Stern, G. L. Fricchione, N. H. Cassem, M. S. Jellinek, & J. F. Rosenbaum (Eds.), Massachusetts general hospital handbook of general hospital psychiatry (pp. 255–272). Philadelphia: Saunders Elsevier, Inc.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Norris, C. M., Danis, P. G., & Gardner, T. D. (1999). Aseptic meningitis in the newborn and young infant. American Family Physician, 59(10), 2761–2770.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. O’Keeffe, F., Liégeois, F., Eve, M., Ganesan, V., King, J., & Murphy, T. (2014). Neuropsychological and neurobehavioral outcome following childhood arterial ischemic stroke: attention deficits, emotional dysregulation, and executive dysfunction. Child Neuropsychology, 20(5), 557–582.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Parmar, H., & Ibrahim, M. (2012). Pediatric intracranial infections. Neuroimaging Clinics of North America, 22(4), 707–725.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Phillips, N., Amos, T., Kuo, C., Hoare, J., Ipser, J., Thomas, K. G., & Stein, D. J. (2016). HIV-associated cognitive impairment in perinatally infected children: A meta-analysis. Pediatrics, 138(5), e20160893.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Ramakrishnan, M., Ulland, A. J., Steinhardt, L. C., Moïsi, J. C., Were, F., & Levine, O. S. (2009). Sequelae due to bacterial meningitis among African children: a systematic literature review. BMC Medicine, 7, 47.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Reilly, C., Agnew, R., & Neville, B. G. (2011). Depression and anxiety in childhood epilepsy: A review. Seizure, 20(8), 589–597.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Roddy, E., & Mueller, S. (2016). Late effects of treatment of pediatric central nervous system tumors. Journal of Child Neurology, 31(2), 237–254.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Schwenk, H., Ramirez-Avila, L., Sheu, S. H., Wuthrich, C., Waugh, J., Was, A., Degirolami, U., Burchett, S., Koralnik, I. J., & Ahmed, A. (2014). Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy in pediatric patients: Case report and literature review. The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal, 33(4), e99–e105.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Shah, S. S., Dellarole, A., Peterson, E. C., Bregy, A., Komotar, R., Harvey, P. D., & Elhammady, M. S. (2015). Long-term psychiatric outcomes in pediatric brain tumor survivors. Child’s Nervous System, 31(5), 653–663.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Sibbitt, W. L., Jr., Brandt, J. R., Johnson, C. R., Maldonado, M. E., Patel, S. R., Ford, C. C., Bankhurst, A. D., & Brooks, W. M. (2002). The incidence and prevalence of neuropsychiatric syndromes in pediatric onset systemic lupus erythematosus. The Journal of Rheumatology, 29(7), 1536–1542.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  36. Soybilgic, A. (2015). Neuropsychiatric Systemic Lupus Erythematosus in Children. Pediatric Annals, 44(6), e153–e158.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Triemstra, J., Reno, K., Chohlas-Wood, R., & Nash, C. (2017). A brief resolved unexplained event and congenital neurosyphilis. Pediatric Annals, 46(2), e61–e64.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Tsze, D. S., & Valente, J. H. (2011). Pediatric stroke: A review. Emergency Medicine International, 2011, 734506.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Turner, C. D., Rey-Casserly, C., Liptak, C. C., & Chordas, C. (2009). Late effects of therapy for pediatric brain tumor survivors. Journal of Child Neurology, 24(11), 1455–1463.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Vinck, A., Mullaart, R., Rotteveel, J., & Maassen, B. (2009). Neuropsychological assessment of attention in children with spina bifida. Cerebrospinal Fluid Research, 6, 6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Wilfong, A. (2016). Seizures and epilepsy in children: Classification, etiology and clinical features. UpToDate. Wolters Kluwer. Updated: September, 2016.Google Scholar
  42. Williams, A. E., Giust, J. M., Kronenberger, W. G., & Dunn, D. W. (2016). Epilepsy and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder: links, risks, and challenges. Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment, 12, 287–296.PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  43. Wood, K. (2012). Tuberculosis meningitis. Hospital Pediatrics, 2(2), 111–114.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Zada, G., Kintz, N., Pulido, M., & Amezcua, L. (2013). Prevalence of neurobehavioral, social, and emotional dysfunction in patients treated for childhood craniopharyngioma: A systematic literature review. PLoS One, 8(11), e76562.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Serena A. Fernandes
    • 1
  • Kevin K. Tsang
    • 1
  • Patricia Ibeziako
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychiatryBoston Children’s Hospital/Harvard Medical SchoolBostonUSA

Personalised recommendations