Geographic Distributions of the US Population and the Student Population During the Post 1983 Era

  • Richard R. Verdugo
Part of the Applied Demography Series book series (ADS, volume 10)


The American population was on the move, moving West and South, and continued to change the geographic distribution of the American population. The de-industrialization of the North caused many families and person to move in search of employment and affordable housing. Along with this change in the geographic distribution of the US population there was a change in the distribution of the US student population.


  1. Alexander, K. L., Entwisle, D. R., & Horsey, C. S. (1997). From first grade forward: Early foundations of high school dropout. Sociology of Education, 70(2), 87–107.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Anyon, J. (1981). Social class and school knowledge. Curriculum Inquiry, 11(1), 3–42.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Anyon, J. (1997). Ghetto schooling: A political economy of urban educational reform. New York: Teachers College Press.Google Scholar
  4. Balfanz, R., & Legters, N. (2004). Locating the dropout crisis: Which high schools produce the nations dropouts? Where are they located? Who attends them?
  5. Bowles, S., & Gintis, H. (1976). Schooling in capitalist America: Educational reform and the contradictions of economic life. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  6. Giroux, H. (1983). Theories of reproduction and resistance in the new sociology of education: A critical analysis. Harvard Education Review, 53(3), 257–298.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Heckman, J. J., & LaFontaine, P. A. (2007). The American high school graduation data: Trends and levels. Bonn: IZA (Institute for the Study of Labor).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Jordan, J. L., Kostandini, G., & Mykerezi, E. (2012). Rural and urban high school dropout rates: Are they different? Journal of Research in Rural Education, 27(12), 1–21.Google Scholar
  9. Kolstadt, A. J., & Owings, J. A. (1986). High school dropouts who change their minds about school. Washington, DC: Office of Educational Research and Improvement.Google Scholar
  10. Mc Caul, E. (1988). Rural public high school dropouts: Data from high school and beyond. Paper presented at the annual conference of New England Education Research Organization, Rockland, ME, USA.Google Scholar
  11. Paasch, K. M., & Swaim, P. L. (1995). More rural students are graduating from high school, but serious dropout problems remain. Rural Development Perspectives, 10(3), 24–34.Google Scholar
  12. Pallas, A. M. (1987). School dropouts in the United States. Washington, DC: NCES.Google Scholar
  13. Ruiz-de-Velasco, J., & Fix, M. (2000). Overlooked and underserved: Immigrant students in U.S. secondary schools. Washington, DC: Urban Institute.Google Scholar
  14. Rumberger, R.W. 1983. Dropping out of high school: The Influence of Race, Sex, and Family Background. American Educational Research Journal, 20, 2: 199–220.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Rumberger, R. W. (1987). High school dropouts: A review of issues and evidence. Educational Research, 57(2), 101–121.Google Scholar
  16. Rumberger, R. W. (2011). Dropping out: Why students drop out of high school and what can be done about it. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Rumberger, R. W. (2013). Poverty and high school dropouts.
  18. Spring, J. (1976). The sorting machine. New York: Mc Kay.Google Scholar
  19. Steinberg, L., Blinde, P. L., & Chan, K. S. (1984). Dropping out among language minority youth. Review of Educational Research, 54(1), 113–132.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Strange, M. (2011). Finding fairness for rural students. Kappan Magazine, 92(6), 8–15.Google Scholar
  21. Verdugo, R. R. (2011). Education classes and wage inequality among US workers: 1950–2009. Sociology Mind, 1(4), 164–172.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Verdugo, R. R., & Dial, T. (2008). The demography of school dropouts. International Journal of Interdisciplinary Social Sciences, 3(8), 91–106.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richard R. Verdugo
    • 1
  1. 1.OdessaUkraine

Personalised recommendations