Memory, Landscape and the Architecture of the Imperial War Graves Commission
The British war cemeteries of the Commonwealth War Graves Commission are some of the most recognisable memorials to the fallen of the First World War. Whilst some research has been undertaken to explore the founding of the Commission, there has been no scholarship to date that has sought to understand the design intentions of the architects. This chapter examines an aspect of the cemetery designs that considers the architectural intervention in the landscape as both a spatial and landscape memorial. It shows how the architects of the Commission, among other considerations, regarded the spaces within and beyond the cemeteries as distinct memorials that aimed to retain something of the wartime history of the site and memory of the experience of the war, as well as the commemoration of the dead.