Questions 61–70

  • Yousaf Ali


This chapter illustrates a variety of different scenarios of rheumatic disease in succinct question and answer format. It contains ten complex cases with potentially unusual diagnoses designed to stimulate thought and further reading in this rapidly evolving specialty.


Assessment of rheumatic diseases Complex rheumatology cases Rare rheumatic diseases Rheumatology board exam preparation Rheumatology case studies Study guide for rheumatology 


  1. 1.
    Sakane T, Takeno M, Suzuki N, Inaba G. Behcet’s disease. N Engl J Med. 1999;341(17):1284–91.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    ACOG Committee on Practice Bulletins. Gynecology. ACOG practice bulletin no. 73: Use of hormonal contraception in women with coexisting medical conditions. Obstet Gynecol. 2006;107(6):1453–72.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Lakasing L, Khamashta M. Contraceptive practices in women with systemic lupus erythematosus and/or antiphospholipid syndrome: what advice should we be giving? J Fam Plann Reprod Health Care. 2001;27(1):7–12.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Steen VD. Scleroderma renal crisis. Rheum Dis Clin N Am. 1996;22:861–78.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Steen VD, Medsger TA Jr. Case-control study of corticosteroids and other drugs that either precipitate or protect from the development of sclerodermarenal crisis. Arthritis Rheum. 1998;41:1613–9.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    CDC. Updated regimens, April 2007 – STD treatment guidelines. Atlanta, GA: CDC; 2006.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Rice PA. Gonococcal arthritis (disseminated gonococcal infection). Infect Dis Clin N Am. 2005;19(4):853–61. ReviewCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Conrad ME. Fatal aplastic anemia associated with allopurinol therapy. Am J Hematol. 1986;22(1):107–8.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Lin YW, Okazaki S, Hamahata K, Watanabe K, Usami I, Yoshibayashi M, Akiyama Y, Kubota M. Acute pure red cell aplasia associated with allopurinol therapy. Am J Hematol. 1999;61(3):209–11.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Shinohara K, Okafuji K, Ayame H, Tanaka M. Aplastic anemia caused by allopurinol in renal insufficiency. Am J Hematol. 1990;35(1):68.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Krynetski EY, Evans WE. Genetic polymorphism of thiopurine S-methyltransferase: molecular mechanisms and clinical importance. Pharmacology. 2000;61:136–46.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    El-Abassi R, Soliman MY, Williams F, England JD. Whipple’s disease. J Neurol Sci. 2017;377:197–206.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Dolmans RA, Boel CH, Lacle MM, Kusters JG. Clinical manifestations, treatment, and diagnosis of tropheryma whipplei infections. Clin Microbiol Rev. 2017;30(2):529–55.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Atzeni F, Sarzi-Puttini P, Bevilacqua M. Calcium deposition and associated chronic diseases (atherosclerosis, diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis, and others). Rheum Dis Clin N Am. 2006;32(2):413–26. viii ReviewCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Olivieri I, Salvarani C, Cantini F. RS3PE syndrome: an overview. Clin Exp Rheumatol. 2000;18(4 Suppl 20):S53–5. ReviewPubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Saadoun D, Landau DA, Calabrese LH, Cacoub PP. Hepatitis C-associated mixed cryoglobulinaemia: a crossroad between autoimmunity and lymphoproliferation. Rheumatology. 2007;46(8):1234–42.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yousaf Ali
    • 1
  1. 1.Mount Sinai HospitalNew YorkUSA

Personalised recommendations