Pathways Approaches for Post-traumatic Stress Disorders

  • Angele McGrady
  • Donald Moss


Post-traumatic stress disorder is a psychophysiological disorder, characterized by chronic sympathetic nervous system activation; persisting perceptual/sensory vigilance for threats; recurrent distressing memories of the event, including intrusive memories, flashbacks lived as if in the present moment, and nightmares; and a persisting negative emotional state including fear and shame. The psychophysiological basis for this disorder calls for psychophysiologically based interventions. This chapter presents the case narrative of a 29-year-old national guardsman, exposed to combat trauma, and later to civilian trauma in public safety work. His treatment followed the Pathways model, comprised of multi-modal interventions, beginning with self-directed behavioral changes, then the acquisition of skills (including self-hypnosis), and finally professional treatment including clinical hypnosis and EMDR.


Post-traumatic stress disorder Psychophysiological Hypnosis Neurofeedback EMDR 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Angele McGrady
    • 1
  • Donald Moss
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PsychiatryUniversity of ToledoToledoUSA
  2. 2.College of Integrative Medicine and Health SciencesSaybrook UniversityOaklandUSA

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