Complementary and Integrative Medicine for the Pathways Model

  • Angele McGrady
  • Donald Moss


This chapter will describe the emergence of the complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) movement historically, and the current drive toward integrating complementary therapies and mainstream medicine into a comprehensive integrative medicine. The five domains of complementary medicine are defined; emphasis is placed on therapies with a strong evidence base. The second part of the chapter will summarize applications of complementary medicine to some of the disorders on which this book is focused. The chapter closes with discussion of continuing obstacles in creating access to complementary and integrative clinical practice, and challenges in design and implementation of research studies.


Complementary and alternative medicine Integrative medicine Biologically based therapies Mind-body therapies Energy therapies Manipulation and body-based therapies and whole medical systems 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Angele McGrady
    • 1
  • Donald Moss
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PsychiatryUniversity of ToledoToledoUSA
  2. 2.College of Integrative Medicine and Health SciencesSaybrook UniversityOaklandUSA

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