Adult Varicocele Diagnosis and Treatment

  • Ahmad Majzoub
  • Chak-Lam Cho
  • Ashok Agarwal
  • Sandro C. Esteves


Varicocele is a common presentation in men seeking fertility. While its impact on semen quality has long been recognized, not all men with varicocele require treatment. Clinical guidelines on varicocele management should therefore be reviewed before counselling and treatment decisions are made. This chapter reviews the clinical presentation and the evaluation of adult varicoceles and explores the present clinical guidelines for its diagnosis and treatment. The various treatment options are also portrayed along with their outcomes and complication rates.


Varicocele Varicocelectomy Clinical guidelines 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ahmad Majzoub
    • 1
  • Chak-Lam Cho
    • 2
  • Ashok Agarwal
    • 3
  • Sandro C. Esteves
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of UrologyHamad Medical Corporation, Weill Cornell Medicine QatarDohaQatar
  2. 2.S.H. Ho Urology Centre, Department of Surgery, Prince of Wales Hospital, The Chinese University of Hong KongShatinHong Kong
  3. 3.American Center for Reproductive Medicine, Department of UrologyCleveland ClinicClevelandUSA
  4. 4.ANDROFERT, Andrology & Human Reproduction ClinicCampinasBrazil

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