Oil Palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.) Somatic Embryogenesis

  • Ahmad Tarmizi HashimEmail author
  • Zamzuri Ishak
  • Samsul Kamal Rosli
  • Meilina Ong-Abdullah
  • Ooi Siew-Eng 
  • Mohd Naqiuddin Husri
  • Dalilah Abu Bakar
Part of the Forestry Sciences book series (FOSC, volume 85)


The effectiveness of oil palm (Elaeis guineensis) breeding from seed remains the basis for long term genetic improvement. However, there is still considerable unexploited genetic variability within selected crosses, thus inducing interest in vegetative propagation via tissue culture. This method enables true-to-type reproduction of the best genotypes. Through this, further oil yield improvements can be expected, amongst other advantages. The success in producing oil palm clones has spurred oil palm organizations to set up their own tissue culture laboratories. The average estimated projection of 20% yield increase from clones compared to commercial seedlings makes planting with clones a potentially good investment. This chapter includes accounts of detailed in vitro propagation protocols using solid and liquid culture systems, nursery practices and quality control measures using physical and molecular screening tools.



The authors wish to thank Datuk Dr. Ahmad Kushairi Din, Director-General of MPOB for permission to publish the paper. Support and encouragement from Dr. Ahmad Parveez Ghulam Kadir, Deputy Director-General and Dr. Mohamad Arif Abd Manaf, Director of ABBC and technical assistance from the Tissue Culture staff are gratefully acknowledged.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ahmad Tarmizi Hashim
    • 1
    Email author
  • Zamzuri Ishak
    • 1
  • Samsul Kamal Rosli
    • 1
  • Meilina Ong-Abdullah
    • 1
  • Ooi Siew-Eng 
    • 1
  • Mohd Naqiuddin Husri
    • 1
  • Dalilah Abu Bakar
    • 1
  1. 1.Advanced Biotechnology and Breeding Center, Malaysian Palm Oil Board (MPOB)Kajang, SelangorMalaysia

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