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Monitoring of the State of Stone and Bronze Monuments

  • Olga V. Frank-Kamenetskaya
  • Dmitry Yu. Vlasov
  • Vera V. Manurtdinova
  • Marina S. Zelenskayа
  • Vadim A. Parfenov
  • Vera V. Rytikova
  • Alexey D. Vlasov
  • Valery M. Grishkin
Chapter
Part of the Geoheritage, Geoparks and Geotourism book series (GGAG)

Abstract

Methods and approaches to be used in monitoring the monument condition are discussed. The main stages of materials science expert analysis are considered. The technique for qualimetric assessment of the integrated condition of the material and various options of mapping the forms of its deterioration are described: those based on the results of visual inspection, ultrasonic sounding, and also using computer technologies, including 3D laser scanning. The potential and efficiency of comprehensive laboratory instrumental methods for studying the material of the monument and the products of its deterioration are analyzed: polarization microscopy, X-ray powder diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, electron microprobe analysis, IR spectroscopy. The design of the database on the state of sculptural monuments in St. Petersburg, for the storage, analysis and structuring of the material gathered during the monitoring, is presented.

Keywords

Monitoring Expert examination Qualimetric evaluation Mapping Deterioration forms Ultrasonic sounding Computer technology 3D laser scanning Instrumental methods Polarization microscopy Scanning electron microscopy Energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy X-ray powder diffraction IR spectroscopy Database 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Olga V. Frank-Kamenetskaya
    • 1
  • Dmitry Yu. Vlasov
    • 2
  • Vera V. Manurtdinova
    • 4
  • Marina S. Zelenskayа
    • 2
  • Vadim A. Parfenov
    • 5
  • Vera V. Rytikova
    • 4
  • Alexey D. Vlasov
    • 6
  • Valery M. Grishkin
    • 3
  1. 1.Institute of Earth SciencesSt. Petersburg State UniversitySt. PetersburgRussia
  2. 2.Department of BiologySt. Petersburg State UniversitySt. PetersburgRussia
  3. 3.Department of Applied Mathematics and Control ProcessesSt. Petersburg State UniversitySt. PetersburgRussia
  4. 4.State Museum of Urban SculptureSt. PetersburgRussia
  5. 5.Department of Quantum ElectronicsSt. Petersburg Electrotechnical University «LETI»St. PetersburgRussia
  6. 6.The Archive of the Russian Academy of SciencesSt. PetersburgRussia

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