Designing a Questionnaire and Survey Modes

  • Seppo Laaksonen


We start from the cornerstones of survey research that give a general understanding of this chapter (Scheme 3.1) based on Salant and Dillman (1994) and De Leeuw, Hox, and Dillman (2008b). This chapter concentrates on measurement in surveys, the target being specifically to avoid measurement error or to evaluate its impact on estimates.


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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Seppo Laaksonen
    • 1
  1. 1.Social Research, StatisticsUniversity of HelsinkiHelsinkiFinland

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