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Gustav Schmoller and Adolph Wagner: The Idea of Social Justice in Health Care

  • Ursula Backhaus
Chapter
Part of the The European Heritage in Economics and the Social Sciences book series (EHES, volume 21)

Abstract

Social justice is a major concern of both, Gustav Schmoller and Adolph Wagner. The goal of this paper is to show, how the thought of social justice relates to health care and its institutions at the time of early industrialization. The first part of this paper is devoted to the concept of social justice by Gustav Schmoller (1838–1917) who designed and suggested market-based social institutions to address three basic risks of life: health insurance, cooperative accident insurance (Berufsgenossenschaft), and provisions in the case of the loss of the breadwinner. Loss of the work place is not yet compensated for. The second part is devoted to the concept of social justice by Adolph Wagner (1835–1917), the public finance theorist, who not only foresaw the growing influence of the State in developed societies over time, but also formulated the conditions under which the State should play a role in the provision and finance of, for instance, health care. Despite basic differences in approach, both authors share a concern for social justice, which is still prominent in the modern institutions such as the health economic evaluations (introduced in Germany in 2011) and the health fund (introduced in 2009). The paper ends with a summary and conclusions.

Keywords

German Social Welfare Legislation Gustav Schmoller Adolph Wagner 

JEL Codes

B15 I11 I15 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ursula Backhaus
    • 1
  1. 1.Apollon Hochschule der GesundheitswirtschaftBremenGermany

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