A Semi-active Rocking System to Enhance the Seismic Dissipative Capability of Precast RC Columns

Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering book series (LNCE, volume 10)

Abstract

This work is inspired by the idea of dissipating seismic energy at the base of prefabricated RC columns via semi-active (SA) variable dampers exploiting the base rocking. It was performed a wide numerical campaign to investigate the seismic behavior of a precast RC column with a variable base restraint. The latter is based on the combined use of a hinge, elastic springs, and magnetorheological (MR) dampers remotely controlled according to the instantaneous response of the structural component. The MR devices are driven by a SA control algorithm purposely written to modulate the dissipative capability so as to reduce base bending moment without causing excessive displacement at the top. The proposed strategy results to be really promising, since the base restraint relaxation, that favours the base moment demand reduction, is accompanied by an high enhancement of the dissipated energy due to rocking that can be even able to reduce top displacement in respect to the “fixed base rotation” conditions.

Keywords

Semi-active control Rocking Precast reinforced concrete elements 

References

  1. Spieth HA, Arnold D, Davies M, Mander JB, Carr AJ (2004) Seismic performance of post-tensioned precast concrete beam to column connections with supplementary energy dissipation. In: Proceedings of the 004 NZSEE conferenceGoogle Scholar
  2. Murahidy AG, Spieth HA, Carr AJ, Mander JB (2004) Design, construction and dynamic testing of a post-tensioned precast reinforced concrete frame building with rocking beam-column connections and ADAS Elements. In: Proceedings of the 004 NZSEE conferenceGoogle Scholar
  3. Lu L, Liu X, Chen J, Lu, X (2016) Seismic performance of a controlled rocking reinforced concrete frame. In: Advances in Structural Engineering, Early view (published on line)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Belleri A, Schoettler MJ, Restrepo JI, Fleischman RB (2014) Dynamic behavior of rocking and hybrid cantilever walls in a precast concrete building. ACI Struct J 111(3):661–672Google Scholar
  5. Caterino N (2015) Semi-active control of a wind turbine via magnetorheological dampers. J Sound Vib 345:1–17.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsv.2015.01.022CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Caterino N, Georgakis CT, Spizzuoco M, Occhiuzzi A (2016) Design and calibration of a semi-active control logic to mitigate structural vibrations in wind turbines. Smart Struct Syst 18(1):75–92.  https://doi.org/10.12989/sss.2016.18.1.000CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of EngineeringUniversity of Naples ParthenopeNaplesItaly
  2. 2.Department of Structures for Engineering and ArchitectureUniversity of Naples Federico IINaplesItaly
  3. 3.Institute for Technologies of Construction (ITC)Italian National Research Council (CNR)San Giuliano Milanese (MI), MilanItaly

Personalised recommendations