Peace in Rwanda: Balancing the ICTR and “Gacaca” in Postgenocide Peacebuilding
In the aftermath of the 1994 Genocide against the Tutsi, the Rwandan people needed to achieve a sense of justice. Attempts by the international community to mediate the justice process were met with skepticism by the Rwandan people. However, the UN Security Council still established the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda, which sought to implement an international framework for the prosecution of the crime of genocide. In this chapter, the author compares the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda to the Gacaca process, which operated at a grassroots level; with a mandate to expose the truth about the genocide, it established courts around the country, while also laying the foundations for peace, reconciliation and unity for contemporary Rwanda.
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