Peace, Politics, and Religion
In recent years, religion has made a remarkable return to political prominence. Confounding the expectations of both secularists and proponents of secularization theories, it is often said religion has a durable and, many would say, growing significance as a strong source of identity for millions of people in various parts of the world. This includes both religious individuals and faith-based organizations, which are purveyors of religious ideas, play important roles in many societies, and can be a source of conflict and a tool for conflict resolution and peacebuilding. This chapter looks at the multifaceted roles of religion in relation to both conflict and cooperation and argues that it is necessary for religious actors to work assiduously to increase cooperation and decrease conflict.
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