Peace Institutions: Gandhism, Conflict Solution, Lifting the Bottom Up

  • Johan GaltungEmail author


Gandhism is an institution, a way of doing things; but whereas violence breeds violence, nonviolence does not breed nonviolence. In this chapter, while analyzing Gandhism through the philosophy and practice of sarvodaya, swadeshi, swaraj and satyagraha, which ultimately lead to “power-over-self” by making oneself immune to someone else’s power, the author also critically examines the policy and practice of Western “power-over-others,” established in the course of known historical events. Adding to this thought-provoking analysis of five approaches to conflict, the author further elaborates the TRANSCEND method, as an alternative approach to peace, conflict solution and development.


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  3. United Nations. (2010). The Millennium Development Goals. Retrieved from:

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Transcend InternationalAlfasSpain

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