Which “ASEAN Way” Forward?: Southeast Asian Perspectives on Peace and Institutions
ASEAN and its offshoots, such as the ASEAN Regional Forum and the ASEAN Dialogue partnerships, present a successful non-Western example of institutionalized regional cooperation. ASEAN’s activity since its inception in 1967 and its normative culture, the so-called ASEAN Way, is believed to have brought peace and stability to Southeast Asia, a politically polarized region during the Cold War. Some scholars view the “ASEAN Way” as a distinct conceptual framework of international relations, which differs from Western IR theories. This chapter assesses Southeast Asian IR perspectives concerning peace and international institutions by examining, specifically, ASEAN’s approach to subsidiarity and explores the potential and limits of the “ASEAN Way” to secure endurable peace in Southeast Asia and serve as a model for other non-Western regions.
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