Building Peace Through Ubuntu in the Aftermath of Electoral Violence in Divided African Societies
Elections held to promote liberal democracy in divided African societies have often led to major political violence. The winner-takes-all outcomes associated with such elections increase the level of uncertainty for losing ethnic or religious groups. The violent rejection of electoral results becomes a means to force acceptance to the policy process. The intervention of international agents to stop political violence almost invariably relies on a conflict resolution approach that generates peace only in a short run. This chapter analyzes a conflict transformation approach that relies on indigenous culture to build an enduring peace. In divided African societies, international assistance should be about supporting rival groups in the process of crafting democratic institutions rooted in the philosophy of Ubuntu.
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