Russian Approaches to International Peace, Security, and Institutions: Debating Within IR Schools

  • Alexander SerguninEmail author


In this chapter, the author analyzes major theoretical schools in contemporary Russian IR as concerns the role of international institutions in peace and security. The neorealist school (dominant in Russia) is rather skeptical regarding international institutions and global governance. For Russian neoliberals, international organizations and non-state actors are important entities in world politics. The globalists believe that to establish a long-lasting peace, not only institutions but also the structure of the international system should be changed. And the postpositivist schools are critical of all these positions, despite sharing neoliberalists’ and globalists’ views on the erosion of the nation-state and national sovereignty. The author further examines Russian policies in the UN, including Moscow’s position on issues relating to the UN reform, peacekeeping, and R2P.


  1. Barash, R. (2012, January–February). Figura “drugogo” kak znachimaya sostavlyaushaya rossiyskoi/russkoi Identichnosti [The “Other” as an Important Signifier of the Rossiyskaya/Russian Identity]. Monitoring obshestvennogo mneniya [The Monitoring of Public Opinion] (pp. 90–99). Google Scholar
  2. Bikbulatova, A. (2009). Obshaya teoriya konflicta [The General Theory of Conflict]. Ufa: Bashkir State University Press.Google Scholar
  3. Dmitriev, A. (2000). Konfliktologiya [Conflict Studies]. Moscow: Gardariki.Google Scholar
  4. Galtung, J. (1964). A Structural Theory of Aggression. Journal of Peace Research, 11(2), 95–119.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Galtung, J. (1969). Violence, Peace and Peace Research. Journal of Peace Research, 6(3), 167–191.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Galtung, J. (1985). Twenty-Five Years of Peace Research: Ten Challenges and Some Responses. Journal of Peace Research, 22(2), 141–158.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Galtung, J. (2006). Peace by Peaceful Means: Peace and Conflict, Development and Civilization. Towards a World in Balance: A Virtual Congress for a Better Balanced World (pp. 119–123). Hamburg: Global Marshall Plan Initiative.Google Scholar
  8. Galtung, J., & Jacobsen, C. (2000). Searching for Peace: The Road to TRANSCEND. London: Pluto Press.Google Scholar
  9. Grishina, N. V. (2008). Psikhologiya konflikta [The Psychology of Conflict]. In High-Level Panel on Threats: Challenges and Change, 2004—A More Secure World: Our Shared Responsibility. St. Petersburg: Piter. Retrieved from:
  10. International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty. (2001). The Responsibility to Protect. International Development Research Centre, Ottawa. Retrieved from:
  11. Khaspekova, D., Smekalova, M., Gurova., M, Sorokina, I., Teslya, A., & Puminov, D. (2015). The UN: Moving from Peacekeeping to Peace-building. Moscow: Russian International Affairs Council. Retrieved from:
  12. Konyshev, V., & Sergunin, A. (Eds.). (2013). Sovremennye teorii mezdunarodnykh otnosheniy [Contemporary International Relations Theories]. Moscow: RG-Press.Google Scholar
  13. Konyshev, V., & Sergunin, A. (2014). Sovremennaya voennaya strategiya [Contemporary Military Strategy]. Moscow: Aspect Press.Google Scholar
  14. Kubyshkin, A. I., & Tzvetkova, N. A. (2013). Publichnaya diplomatiya SShA [The US Public Diplomacy]. Moscow: Aspect-Press.Google Scholar
  15. Kudryavtsev, V. N. (Ed.). (1994). Yuridicheskiy konflikt: sfery i mekhanizmy [Legal Conflict: Spheres and Mechanisms]. Moscow: Institute of Government and Law.Google Scholar
  16. Kudryavtsev, V. N. (Ed.). (1995). Yuridicheskaya konfliktologiya [Legal Conflict Studies]. Moscow: Institute of Government and Law, RAS.Google Scholar
  17. Lavrov, S. (2012). Russian diplomacy and challenges of the 21st century.Google Scholar
  18. Lavrov, S. (2015, September 14). The United Nations’ Legitimacy Is Unique. Retrieved from:
  19. Lebedeva, M. M. (1999). Politicheskoe uregulirovanie konfliktov [Political Conflict Resolution]. Moscow: Aspect-Press.Google Scholar
  20. Lebedeva, M. M. (2010). Technologiya vedeniya peregovorov [Negotiating Technology]. Moscow: Aspect-Press.Google Scholar
  21. Lebedeva, M. M. (2011). Mirovaya plitika [World Politics]. Moscow: Aspect-Press.Google Scholar
  22. Levin, D. B. (1977). Printzipy mirnogo razreshenuya mezhdunarodnykh sporov [The Principles of Peaceful International Conflict Resolution]. Moscow: Nauka.Google Scholar
  23. Orlyanski, V. S. (2007). Konfliktologiya [Conflictology]. Kiev: Tzentr uchobovoi literatury.Google Scholar
  24. Pushmin, E. A. (1970). Posrednichestvo v mezdunarodnom prave [Mediation in International Law]. Moscow: Mezdunarodnye otnosheniyaGoogle Scholar
  25. Putin, V. (2016, November 30). Kontseptsiya vneshnei politiki Rossiyskoi Federatsii [The Foreign Policy Concept of the Russian Federation]. Retrieved from:
  26. Ryzhkov, V. (2014, March 13). Putin’s Crimean Trap. The Moscow Times. Retrieved from:
  27. Samarin, A. (2008). “Kultura mirakak otkryty mezdisciplinarny project [Peace Culture as an Open Interdisciplinary Project]. Retrieved from:
  28. Sergunin, A. (2012). Kontsept “voennaya bezopasnost” i evolutsiya voenno-politicheskogo myshleniya post-sovetskoy Rossii [The “Military Security” Concept and the Evolution of Russia’s Post-Soviet Military-Political Thinking]. Natsional’naya Bezopasnost’ [National Security], 2(1), 119–140.Google Scholar
  29. Sergunin, A. (2014). Russian Views on the Ukrainian Crisis: From Confrontation to Damage Limitation. Vlaams Marxistisch Tijdschrift, 48(2), 80–92.Google Scholar
  30. Sergunin, A., & Karabeshkin, L. (2015). Understanding Russia’s Soft Power Strategy. Politics, 35(3–4), 347–363.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Shevchuk, D. A. (2009). Mezhdunarodnoe chastnoe pravo [International Private Law]. Moscow: Eksmo.Google Scholar
  32. Snetkov, A., & Lanteigne, M. (2015). The Loud Dissenter and its Cautious Partner—Russia, China, Global Governance and Humanitarian Intervention. International Relations of the Asia-Pacific, 15(1), 113–146.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Stepanov, Y. (2014). Obespechenie processa modernizatssii v usloviyakh sovremennoy globalizatsii [Ensuring Modernization in the Context of the Ongoing Globalization]. Konfliktologiya, 9(1), 9–27.Google Scholar
  34. Stepanov, Y., Aksentyev, V., Golovin, Y., & Kukonkov P. (2007). Monitoring sotsial’nykh napryazheniy i konflictov v krupnykh regional’nykh tsentrakh Rossii [Monitoring of Social Tensions and Conflicts in Large Regional Centers of Russia]. In M. Gorshkov (Ed.), Rossiya Reformiruyushayasya [Russia Reformed] (pp. 235–252). Moscow: RAS Institute of Sociology.Google Scholar
  35. Stepanova, Y. (Ed.). (2003). Anti-terrorism and Peace-Building During and After Conflict. Stockholm: SIPRI.Google Scholar
  36. Vorkunova, O. A. (2009). Nauka mira [The Science of Peace]. Retrieved from:

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.St. Petersburg State UniversitySaint PetersburgRussia
  2. 2.Nizhny Novgorod State UniversityNizhny NovgorodRussia

Personalised recommendations