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A Changing System of Ethnic Stratification: The Social Positions of Transylvanian Hungarians

  • Tamás Kiss
Chapter
Part of the Palgrave Politics of Identity and Citizenship Series book series ( CAL)

Abstract

This chapter, analyzes the changes that occurred in the positions of the Hungarians in the system of ethnic stratification in Transylvania and Romania over the past century and outlines several processes that contribute to their increasing marginalization. The most significant transformations have taken place during state socialism, when Hungarians lost their formerly dominant position in the cities of (Northern) Transylvania. An analysis of present-day ethnic inequalities shows that nowadays Hungarians have a less-favorable position compared to the majority, being less educated, earning less, and being underrepresented among urban middle class. However, inequalities are lower within the Hungarian community, and the Hungarian–Romanian relation is unranked, as Hungarians are present in all social strata and Hungarian elites still control some important institutional channels of social mobility.

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tamás Kiss
    • 1
  1. 1.Romanian Institute for Research on National MinoritiesCluj-NapocaRomania

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