Coastal Scenery Assessment: Definitions and Typology

  • Enzo PranziniEmail author
  • Allan T. Williams
  • Nelson Rangel-Buitrago
Part of the Coastal Research Library book series (COASTALRL, volume 26)


Although scenery is an invaluable asset from any environmental viewpoint, coastal scenery is a lesser-considered aspect of coastal management. Therefore the Coastal Scenic Evaluation System (CSES) technique was developed using fuzzy logic methodology to evaluate the adverse effects of changes to a coastal environment. The CSES can be used not only for landscape preservation and protection, but also as scientific tool for envisaged coastal management and future development based upon plans by an evidence-based approach. This chapter presents a detailed field guide that includes the steps to follow in making a coastal scenery assessment, as well as, key definitions and examples of all parameters required to use the CSES. The Photo-atlas representing all parameters helps in attributing them to the correct grade.


  1. Ergin A, Karaesmen E, Micallef A, Williams AT (2004) A new methodology for evaluating coastal scenery: fuzzy logic systems. Area 36:367–386CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Enzo Pranzini
    • 1
    Email author
  • Allan T. Williams
    • 2
    • 3
  • Nelson Rangel-Buitrago
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Earth SciencesUniversity of FlorenceFlorenceItaly
  2. 2.Faculty of Architecture, Computing and EngineeringUniversity of Wales, Trinity Saint DavidSwanseaUK
  3. 3.CICA NOVA, Nova Universidad de LisboaLisboaPortugal
  4. 4.Departamentos de Física y Biologia, Facultad de Ciencias BásicasUniversidad del AtlánticoBarranquillaColombia

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