Canada in Afghanistan

  • Kathleen J. McInnis


This chapter explores the factors leading to Canada’s decision to withdraw its combat forces and Provincial Reconstruction Team from southern Afghanistan in 2011 and replace them with a follow-on training mission in Kabul. At first glance, the decision seems surprising: as will be detailed later in this chapter, Canada expended enormous resources and took significant casualties in southern Afghanistan, such that deploying a follow-on force was anything but a foregone conclusion. However, as this chapter concludes through exploring publicly available sources and conducting private interviews with key decision-makers at the time, were it not for the “pull” of Canada’s alliance relationships and their influence on the overall Canadian foreign and national security policy community, a real possibility exists that Ottawa might not have deployed the follow-on mission to Kabul at all.

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kathleen J. McInnis
    • 1
  1. 1.Congressional Research ServiceWashington, DCUSA

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