Optimal Design of Large-Scale Special Truss Structures
A truss is a two or three-dimensional structure composed of linear members connected at nodes to sustain concentrated loads with the members being subjected to tension or compression. Optimum design problems of steel trusses are known as benchmarks in the field of structural optimization due to the presence of many design variables, large search spaces and multiple constraints. In this chapter sizing optimization of large-scale tower trusses is studied. Steel truss members are adopted from a predetermined list of available sections; therefore, a discrete optimization is performed in order to obtain the optimum or a near optimum solution. These types of structures are typically considered as high-rise and large-scale structures composed of several hundred elements. These towers have important applications in telecommunication and broadcasting industries.
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