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Remote Sensing and GIS for Geomorphological Mapping

  • G. P. Obi Reddy
Chapter
Part of the Geotechnologies and the Environment book series (GEOTECH, volume 21)

Abstract

Geomorphology is the study of the landforms, their processes, form and sediments at the surface of the earth. Geomorphological maps are very effective tools in management of land resources and help in various types of resources inventory, mapping and management. Running water, wind, glaciers, karst and sea waves are powerful erosional and depositional agents, which are acting over a long period of time and produce systematic changes leading to sequential development of landforms. The traditional mapping approaches emphasized qualitative interpretation, as frequently dictated by the inherent limitations associated with fieldwork, paucity of digital data and lack of prior field/geographic experience and domain knowledge. Recent advances in remote sensing, geographic information system (GIS) and availability of satellite-based digital elevation models and developments in numerical modelling capabilities enhance the ability to understand the surface processes more clearly in the field of geomorphology. Geomorphological mapping and analysis of various processes using advance tools like remote sensing and GIS act as preliminary tools for land resources inventory, mapping and management, geomorphological and geological risk management, as well as providing baseline data for other applied sectors of environmental research such as landscape ecology, soil science, hydrology and forestry, etc.

Keywords

Remote sensing Geomorphological mapping Fluvial landforms Aeolian landforms Karst landforms Glacial landforms Coastal landforms 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. P. Obi Reddy
    • 1
  1. 1.ICAR-National Bureau of Soil Survey & Land Use PlanningNagpurIndia

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