Advertisement

Transnational Surrogacy: An Overview of Legal and Ethical Issues

  • Judit Sándor
Chapter

Abstract

Surrogacy can be of various types and the difference in arrangement may imply very different ethical and legal questions. Surrogacy may be prohibited, ignored, tolerated, restricted or permitted in different parts of the world. But this diversity of the ethical and legal norms around surrogacy becomes problematic during transnational practices when the domestic laws or understanding of families often fail to accommodate the children born out of transnational surrogacy. This chapter discusses the controversies arising out of a legal fallout during transnational surrogacy and based on the lessons drawn from legal cases argues for the need for international norms. It examines the possibility of an adequate international legal framework that would better respond to the challenges of transnational surrogacy agreements.

Bibliography

  1. Bhabha, J. (2004). Moving babies: Globalization, markets, and transnational adoption. Fletcher Forum of World Affairs, 28(2), 181.Google Scholar
  2. Birenbaum-Carmeli, D. (2009). Contested surrogacy and the gender order. An Israeli case study. In D. Birenbaum-Carmeli & M. C. Inhorn (Eds.), Assisting reproduction, testing genes: Global encounters with new biotechnologies (pp. 189–210). New York: Berghahn Books.Google Scholar
  3. Deonandan, R., Green, S., & Van Beinum, A. (2012). Ethical concerns for maternal surrogacy and reproductive tourism. Journal of Medical Ethics, 38(12), 742–745.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Falk, R. (1999). Predatory globalization: A critique. Cambridge: Polity Press.Google Scholar
  5. Franklin, S. (2013). Biological relatives. IVF, stem cells, and the future of kinship. Durham: Duke University Press.Google Scholar
  6. Ghosh, D. (2013). Rent-a-womb service: An overview of commercial surrogacy in India. In J. Sándor (Ed.), Studies in biopolitics. Budapest: Center for Ethics and Law in Biomedicine.Google Scholar
  7. Golombok, S., Blake, L., Casey, P., Roman, G., & Jadva, V. (2013). Children born through reproductive donation: A longitudinal study of psychological adjustment. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 54(6), 653–660.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Google Baby. (2009). [Film] Directed by Zippi Brand Frank. Israel: Brandcom Productions.Google Scholar
  9. Hawley, S. (2014). Japanese man fathers 16th baby via surrogate in Thailand. ABC News [online]. Available at http://www.abc.net.au/news/2014-09-10/japanese-surrogacy-man-has-another-baby/5732856. Accessed 3 Aug 2017.
  10. Johnson, I., & Li, C. (2014). China experiences a booming underground market in surrogate motherhood. The New York Times [online]. Available at https://www.nytimes.com/2014/08/03/world/asia/china-experiences-a-booming-black-market-in-child-surrogacy.html. Accessed 3 Aug 2017.
  11. Philips, A. (2013). Our bodies, whose property? Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  12. Pravda.ru. (2016). Genetic theft failed. Olga Mirimskaya confirmed by court as lawful mother. Pravda Report [online]. Available at http://www.pravdareport.com/news/society/stories/02-04-2016/134034-olga_mirimskaya-0/. Accessed 3 Aug 2017.
  13. Ragoné, H. (1999). The gift of life: Surrogate motherhood, gamete donation, and construction of altruism. In L. L. Layne (Ed.), Transformative motherhood: On giving and getting in a consumer culture (pp. 65–88). New York: New York University Press.Google Scholar
  14. Sándor, J. (2015). Consistency of the regulation on assisted reproduction: Is it a missing element of reproductive justice? In V. Kantsa, G. Zanini, & L. Papadopoulou (Eds.), (In)Fertile citizens: Anthropological and legal challenges of assisted reproduction technologies (pp. 23–39). Mytilene: (In)FERCIT, University of the Aegean.Google Scholar
  15. Shevory, T. C. (1990). Rethinking public and private life via the surrogate contract. Politics and the Life Sciences, 8(2), 173–184.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Steinbock, B. (2002). Legal and ethical issues in human reproduction. Dartmouth: Ashgate.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center for Ethics and Law in Biomedicine (CELAB)Central European UniversityBudapestHungary

Personalised recommendations