In the Throes of Revolution: Birthing Pangs of Medical Reproduction in Israel and Beyond

  • Carmel ShalevEmail author


This is a retrospective of surrogacy in Israel in the context of medically assisted reproduction. The practice of surrogacy emerged in the 1980s, suggesting a radical view of women as autonomous reproductive agents free from double standards of patriarchy. In 1995 Israel enacted a law that regulated domestic surrogacy for the benefit of infertile married women in accord with orthodox views of halakha. In recent years we see the growth of inter-country practices catering to otherwise ineligible intended parents, and a demand for posthumous male reproduction. Meanwhile, women become objects of intrusive medical procedures and commodities of a global market, more often than not for the benefit of others rather than themselves. Yet the essence of human reproduction remains relational, and calls for care and responsibility.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Retired, University of HaifaHaifaIsrael

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