Oncology rehabilitation is an expanding field of medical care focused on preparing the cancer patient for upcoming cancer treatment (prehabilitation); maintaining patient strength, functioning and quality of life during cancer treatment; and helping patients either recover strength, functioning, and quality of life following cancer treatment or adjust to the long-term sequelae associated with their cancer or cancer-related treatments. This chapter addresses how rehabilitation interventions (1) fit into the continuum of cancer care; (2) can be used to address cancer and cancer treatment-related side effects such as pain, fatigue, lymphedema, cognitive dysfunction, and bone issues; and (3) can be used in cases of specific cancer diagnoses including, but not limited to breast, lung, prostate, colorectal, head and neck, and hematologic cancers.
KeywordsCancer Oncology Prehabilitation Rehabilitation Acute care Post-acute care Cancer-related Impairment Pain Fatigue Lymphedema Cognitive dysfunction Bone Breast Lung Prostate Colorectal Head and neck Hematologic Stem cell transplantation
Aromatase inhibitor-induced musculoskeletal symptoms
Acute lymphoblastic leukemia
Axillary lymph node dissection
Acute myeloid leukemia
Complete decongestive therapy
Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia
Chronic myeloid leukemia
Commission on Cancer
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Forced vital capacity
Home health agencies
International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health
Intensive care unit
Inpatient rehabilitation facilities
Length of stays
Long-term acute care hospitals
Long-term care hospitals
Mild cognitive impairment
Magnetic resonance imaging
National Accreditation Program for Breast Centers
National Cancer Institute
National Center for Medical Rehabilitation Research
National Institutes of Health
Non-small cell lung carcinoma
Quality of life
Stem cell transplantation
Sentinel lymph node biopsy
Speech and language pathology services
Skilled nursing facilities
Serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors
Tyrosine kinase inhibitors
Transcutaneous nerve stimulation
World Health Organization
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