Advertisement

The Pentecostal Gospel of Prosperity and the Divisive Nature of Mega-Church Superstar Men of God (Prophets) in Zimbabwe

  • Masiiwa Ragies Gunda
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter unpacks the Gospel of Prosperity to shed more light and possibly bring clarity to this subject for continued discussions within and across Christian and non-Christian groupings in Zimbabwe and beyond. It attempts to address this subject without the emotional baggage that has characterized the public discussion of it in Zimbabwe. In carrying out this study, a socio-historical analysis and a theological approach to the data is deployed. This is done in three major sections; in the first section, an attempt to define and trace the historical development of this gospel is made while the second section tackles the public discussion of the gospel in Zimbabwe. The third section outlines the key features of the gospel as it manifests itself in Zimbabwe followed by a conclusion.

References

  1. Anderson, A. 2005. New African initiated Pentecostalism and charismatics in South Africa. Journal of Religion in Africa 35 (1): 66–92.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Angel Uebert. 2009. “There is Nothing New Under the Sun” sermon. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V7y6u8_IXGE. Accessed 5 Dec 2011
  3. ———. “I went to Heaven,” undated Sermon, Harare International Conference Centre, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AGzoECMg36k&feature=relmfu, accessed 08 May 2012.
  4. Asamoah-Gyadu, J.K. 2005. ‘Christ is the answer’: What is the question? A Ghana airways prayer vigil and its implications for religion, evil and public space. Journal of Religion in Africa 35 (1): 93–117.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Banana, C.S. 1993. The case for a new Bible. In “Rewriting” the Bible: The real issues, ed. I. Mukonyora et al., 17–32. Gweru: Mambo Press.Google Scholar
  6. Barron, B. 1987. The health and wealth gospel: What's going on today in a movement that has shaped the faith of millions? Downers Grove: InterVarsity Press.Google Scholar
  7. Beckford, R.S. 2001. Theology in the age of crack: crack age, prosperity doctrine and ‘being there. Black Theology in Britain 4 (1): 9–24.Google Scholar
  8. Bert, G. 2010. The prosperity gospel: God in box, The Plain Truth, Fall, 41–46.Google Scholar
  9. Brouwer, S., P. Gifford, and S.D. Rose. 1996. Exporting the American Gospel: Global Christian fundamentalism. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  10. Bruce, S. 1990. Pray TV: Televangelism in America. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  11. Cox, H. 2001. Fire from heaven: The rise of Pentecostal spirituality and the reshaping of religion in the 21st century. Jackson: Da Capo Press.Google Scholar
  12. Elinson, H. 1965. The implications of Pentecostal religion for intellectualism, politics, and race-relations. American Journal of Sociology 70: 403–415.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Fee, G. 1981. The new testament view of wealth and possessions. New Oxford Review 48: 8–11.Google Scholar
  14. ———. 1985. The disease of the health and wealth gospels. Vancouver, BC: Regent College Publishing.Google Scholar
  15. Gifford, P. 1990. Prosperity: A new and foreign element in African Christianity. Religion 20: 373–388.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. ———. 1998. African Christianity: Its public role. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.Google Scholar
  17. ———. “Expecting miracles: the prosperity gospel in Africa,” The Christian Century, 2007., www.christiancentury.org/article.lasso?id=3494, accessed 15 June 2009.
  18. Gunda, M.R. 2007. Christianity, traditional religion, and healing in Zimbabwe: Exploring the dimensions and dynamics of healing among the Shona. Swedish Missiological Themes 95 (3): 229–246.Google Scholar
  19. ———. 2010. The Bible and homosexuality in Zimbabwe. Bamberg: University of Bamberg Press.Google Scholar
  20. Harrell, D.E. 1975. All things are possible: The healing and charismatic revivals in modern America. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.Google Scholar
  21. Hollinger, D. 1991. Enjoying god forever: An historical/sociological profile of the health and wealth gospel in the U.S.A. In Religion and power, decline and growth: Sociological analyses of religion in Britain, Poland, and the Americas, ed. P. Gee and J. Fulton, 53–66. British Sociological Association Sociology of Religion Study Group: London.Google Scholar
  22. Hunt, S. 2000. ’Winning Ways’: Globalisation and the impact of the health and wealth gospel. Journal of Contemporary Religion 15 (3): 331–347.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Kamhungira, T. “Bumber crowd at Judgment Night,” Daily News, 22 April 2014., http://www.dailynews.co.zw/articles/2014/04/22/bumper-crowd-at-judgement-night, accessed 23 Mar 2015.
  24. Kamhungira, T. and Chaya, V. “Magaya draws 350 000 to church,” Daily News, 10 November 2014., http://www.dailynews.co.zw/articles/2014/11/10/magaya-draws-350-000-to-church, accessed 23 Mar 2015.
  25. Koch, B. 2009.The prosperity gospel and economic prosperity: Race, class, giving, and voting. PhD dissertation, Department of Sociology, Indiana University, Bloomington.Google Scholar
  26. Lioy, D. 2007. The heart of the prosperity gospel: Self or the savior? Conspectus 4: 41–64.Google Scholar
  27. Makandiwa, E. “2011 – Prophecies and Declarations,” Sermon based on Hebrews 11:32–34 and Romans 4:19, 01 January 2011a., http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WugrxTMZXWA, accessed 05 Dec 2011.
  28. ———. “The Mark of a Blessing,” Sermon based on Luke 13:6–9 and Isaiah 5:3, 31 January 2011b. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=B4Y7P8NAPEw&feature=related, accessed 05 Dec 2011.
  29. Mateveke, P., C. Mukenge, and N. Chivandikwa. 2013. Media representation on prophet Emmanuel Makandiwa: A comparative study of the herald and news day. In Prophets, profits and the bible in Zimbabwe, ed. E. Chitando, M.R. Gunda, and J. Kuegler, 263–280. Bamberg: University of Bamberg Press.Google Scholar
  30. Mawarire, J. “Ngwenya needs schooling, spiritual deliverance,” NewsDay 01/04/2011., http://www.newsday.co.zw/article/2011-04-01-ngwenya-needs-schooling-spiritual-deliverance, accessed 02 Dec 2011.
  31. Maxwell, D. 2006. African gifts of the Spirit: Pentecostalism and the rise of a Zimbabwean transnational religious movement. Oxford: James Currey Ltd.Google Scholar
  32. Ngwenya, R. “Religious entrepreneurship,” NewsDay 29/03/2011., http://www.newsday.co.zw/article/2011-03-29-religious-entrepreneurship, accessed 02 Dec 2011.
  33. Nzira, P. “When prosperity gospel becomes prosperity ‘gold spel’,” Zimbabwe Broadcasting Corporation TV, 17 November 2011., http://www.zbc.co.zw/news-categories/opinion/13965-when-prosperity-gospel-becomes-prosperity-gold-spel.html, accessed 30 Mar 2012.
  34. Parsitau, D.S., and P.N. Mwaura. 2010. God in the city: Pentecostalism as an urban phenomenon in Kenya. Studia Historiae Ecclesiasticae 36 (2): 95–112.Google Scholar
  35. Phiri, I. and Maxwell, J. “Gospel riches: Africa’s rapid embrace of prosperity Pentecostalism provokes concern—and hope,” Christianity Today, 2007., www.christianitytoday.com/ct/2007/july/12.22.html, accessed 15 June 2009.
  36. Ray, B.C. 2000. African religions: Symbol, ritual, and community. Upper Saddle River: Prentice Hall.Google Scholar
  37. Rieger, J. 2007. Christ and empire: From Paul to postcolonial times. Minneapolis: Fortress Press.Google Scholar
  38. Togarasei, L. 2005. Modern Pentecostalism as an urban phenomenon: The case of the family of god Church in Zimbabwe. Exchange: Journal of Missiological and Ecumenical Research 34 (4): 349–375.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. ———. 2006. The ‘Birth’ of a prophet: Andrew Wutawunashe's break from the reformed Church in Zimbabwe (formerly Dutch reformed church). Exchange 35 (2): 215–225.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. ———. 2011. The Pentecostal gospel of prosperity in African contexts of poverty: An appraisal. Exchange 40: 336–350.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Ukah, A. “African Christianities: Features, Promises and Problems,” Lecture presented in the Institut für Ethnologie und Afrikastudien, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität, Mainz, 17. 06. 2007.Google Scholar
  42. van Biema, D., and J. Chu. 2006. Does god want you to be rich? Time., September 18, 2006: 48–56.Google Scholar
  43. Vutabwashe, T. “The Name Jesus,” Sermon, 1 July 2009., http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=guhP8aCeamk&NR=1, accessed 29 Nov 2011.

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Masiiwa Ragies Gunda
    • 1
  1. 1.An Old Testament scholar and a consultant on religion, gender and sexualityHarareZimbabwe

Personalised recommendations