Advertisement

Pastors, Preachers and Wives: A Critical Reflection on the Role of Pentecostalism in Women Empowerment in Zimbabwe

  • Tapiwa Praise Mapuranga
Chapter

Abstract

While women constitute the majority of members in literally all religions, the top positions tend to be monopolised by men. New religious movements have often promised women liberation and emancipation. One cannot discuss these new movements without paying particular attention to Pentecostalism, which, without doubt, represents the fastest growing brand of Christianity in Sub-Saharan Africa. One of the key reasons why this Pentecostalism is flourishing is because the church strives to meet the spiritual and material needs of its members. Pentecostalism therefore represents a highly significant religious phenomenon during the contemporary period. It is therefore strategic to understand the status of women within Zimbabwean Pentecostalism. This chapter examines women’s notable rise to influential leadership positions through the Pentecostal movement in Zimbabwe.

References

  1. Anderson, A.H. 2001. African reformation: African initiated Christianity in the twentieth century. Eritrea: Africa World Press.Google Scholar
  2. Barrett, D.B. 1971. African initiatives in religion. Nairobi: East African Publishing House.Google Scholar
  3. Chitando, A. 2008. Imagining a peaceful society, a vision of children’s literature in Post-conflict Zimbabwe, Discussion paper 40, The Nordic Africa Institute, 2008.Google Scholar
  4. Crumbley, D.H. 2008. Spirit, structure and flesh: Gendered experiences in African instituted churches amongst the Yoruba of Nigeria. Madison, Winscosin: University of Wisconsin Press.Google Scholar
  5. Daneel, M.L. 1974. Old and New Southern Shona independent churches, Vol. 2. Paris: Mouton.Google Scholar
  6. ———. 1987. Quest for belonging. Gweru: Mambo Press.Google Scholar
  7. Dete, M. God working through women, The Sunday Mail March 13–19, 2011.Google Scholar
  8. Dube, L. 2011. Women, traditional spirits and the holy Spirit. In African initiatives in healing ministry, ed. L. Dube, T. Shoko, and S. Hayes, 147–158. South Africa: UNISA Press.Google Scholar
  9. Gaitskell, D. 1988. Race, gender and mathematics. In Women and education: Equity and equality, ed. E. Fennema and M.J. Ayer, 137–164. Bekerley: McCutchan.Google Scholar
  10. Hastings, A. 1994. The Church in Africa. Oxford: Clarendon Press.Google Scholar
  11. Hinfelaar, M. 2001. Respectable Society should reflect critically ’s organisations in Harare, Zimbabwe (1919-1985). Zoetermeer: Boekencentrum.Google Scholar
  12. Kalu, O. 2008. African Pentecostalism: An introduction. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Kandiyoti, D. 1998. Gender, power and contestation: “Bargaining with Patriarchy” revisited. In Feminist visions of development, ed. C. Jackson and R. Pearson. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  14. Kanyati, F. 2012. Unleashing the uncommon woman. www.relzim.org/forum/past-events/4409. Accessed 16 July 2012.
  15. Labode, M. 1993. From heathen kraal to Christian home: Anglican mission education and African girls, 1850-1900. In Women and missions, past and present: Anthropological and historical perceptions, ed. F. Bowie, D. Kirkwood, and S. Ardener, 126–144. Oxford: Berg.Google Scholar
  16. Lagerwerf, L. 1990. African women doing theology. Exchange 19 (1): 1–68.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Lindsay, L.A. 2007. Working with gender: The emergence of the “Male Breadwinner” in Colonial Southwestern Nigeria. In Africa after gender, ed. C.M. Cole, T. Manuh, and S.F. Miescher, 241–252. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.Google Scholar
  18. Mabhunu, L. 2010. Revolting against the biblical and traditional stereotypes of women: Women prophets in African initiated churches. In Faith in the city: The role and place of religion in Harare, ed. L. Togarasei and E. Chitando, 63–84. Uppsala: Swedish Science Press.Google Scholar
  19. Manzvanzvike, T. 2012. Leading Ladies walking with Leading men, The Saturday Herald, July 7.Google Scholar
  20. Mapuranga, T.P. 2011. Gender, HIV and AIDS and African traditional religions in Zimbabwe: The gains and the pains of the Ndau woman in Chipinge District. Saarbrucken: LAP Publishers.Google Scholar
  21. Martineau, R. 1997. Women and education in South Africa: Factors influencing Women’s educational progress and their entry into traditionally male dominated fields. Journal of Negro Education 66 (4): 383–395.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Mate, R. 2002. Wombs as God’s laboratories: Pentecostal discourses of femininity in Zimbabwe. Africa: Journal of the International African Institute 72 (4): 549–568.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Maxwell, D. 2006. African gifts of the Spirit: Pentecostalism and the rise of a transnational religious movement. Harare: Weaver Press.Google Scholar
  24. Muchemwa, K., and R. Muponde, eds. 2007. Manning the nation: The father figure in Zimbabwean literature and society. Harare: Weaver Press.Google Scholar
  25. Mukonyora, I. 2007. Wandering a gendered wilderness: Suffering & healing in an African initiated church. New York: Peter Lang.Google Scholar
  26. Ndhlovu- Gatsheni, S.J. 2003. Patriarchy and domestication of women in Zimbabwe: A critique of female-to-female relations of oppression. Zambezia 30 (11): 229–245.Google Scholar
  27. Pells, E.G. 1970. 300 years of education in South Africa. Westport: Greenwood Press.Google Scholar
  28. Ranger, T.O. 1995. Are we not also men? The Samkange family and African politics in Zimbabwe, 1920–64. Oxford: James Currey.Google Scholar
  29. Rieger, J. 2007. Christ and empire: From Paul to post colonial times. Minneapolis: Fortress Press.Google Scholar
  30. Rogers, B. 1981. The domestication of women: Discrimination in developing societies. London: Tavistock Publications.Google Scholar
  31. Schmidt, E. 1992. Peasants, traders and wives: Shona women in the history of Zimbabwe, 1870–1939. Portsmouth: Heinemann.Google Scholar
  32. Ziyambi, N.M. 1997. The battle of the mind: International new media elements of the new religious political right in Zimbabwe. Oslo: University of Oslo.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tapiwa Praise Mapuranga
    • 1
  1. 1.University of ZimbabweHarareZimbabwe

Personalised recommendations